Maureen Nwamaka Estella Azuike
(B. A., M. A., PhD.)
African Literature, Gender & Women’s Studies & Creative Writing
Member, Association of Nigerian Authors (ANA), African Literature Association (ALA), Women in Africa & the African Diaspora (WAAD) and Board of Trustees, ACTIONAID International Foundation, Nigeria
A. SURNAME: AZUIKE
OTHER NAMES: Maureen Nwamaka Estella
DATE OF BIRTH: 26th August, 1967
PLACE OF BIRTH: Port-Harcourt (Rivers State)
STATE OF ORIGIN: Anambra
LOCAL GOVT. AREA: Onitsha North
NUMBER OF CHILDREN: Three (27, 26 & 23 years old)
MAILING ADDRESS: Department of English,
Faculty of Arts,
University of Jos,
P.M.B. 2084, Jos,
- PRESENT POSITION: PROFESSOR
- DATE OF LAST PROMOTION: OCTOBER 1st, 2013
- AREAS OF SPECIALIZATION: (African Literature, Gender & Women’s Studies & Creative Writing)
- INSTITUTIONS ATTENDED WITH DATES
PRIMARY SCHOOLS: 1. Methodist Primary School,
Lagos. 1973 – 74.
2. Sacred Heart School, Akure, Ondo State. 1974- 1978.
SECONDARY SCHOOLS: 1. Saint-Louis Grammar School Akure, 1978-1980.
2. Franklin Roosevelt Girls’ High School, Harare, Zimbabwe. 1980-1984.
POST SECONDARY EDUCATION:
- Federal School of Arts and Science, Ondo, Ondo State. 1984-1986.
- University of Jos, Jos, Plateau State. 1986-1989.
- Post Graduate Course:
University of Jos, Jos. 1991- 1994; 1997-2004.
C. PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATIONS OBTAINED WITH DATES
1. G.C.E ‘O’ Level 1984
2. H.S.C ‘A’ Level 1986
3. B.A (English) Hons. 1989
4. M.A (Literature in English) 1994(*Best Graduating Student).
5. Ph.D Literature in English (2004)
1. English Speaking Board International (1982)
2. Second Prize in Literature – in- English:
Federal School of Arts and Science, Ondo,
Ondo State. 1985 – 1986
- First Democratically Elected HOD of English, University of Jos (Dec. 2016 – Dec. 2018)
- First FEMALE, ever, to be Democratically Elected as HOD of English, University of Jos (Dec. 2016 – Dec. 2018)
- Best Graduating Student in Literature in English (Master’s Degree 1994)
- Best Dressed Lecturer (Female) – ELIC Awards 2000, University of Jos
- Jerusalem Pilgrim (JP) July, 2008
- Lecturer of the Year (Female) – Graduating Class of 2009, English Department, University of Jos
- Award of Excellence (NASELS), English Department, University of Jos, November, 2014
- MEMBERSHIP OF LEARNED/PROFESSIONAL BODIES
Member, Association of Nigerian Authors (ANA)
Member, African Literature Association (ALA)
Member, Women in Africa & the African Diaspora (WAAD)
Member, Board of Trustees, ACTIONAID International Foundation, Nigeria
F. ABRIDGED LIST OF COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT & ADMINISTRATIVE RESPONSIBILITIES
(a) Member, ActionAid Nigeria Governing Board, Abuja (Oct. 2013 Till Date)
(b) Donor; Actionaid Community Sponsorship Initiative (June, 2014 Till Date)
(c) Member, Academic Board of the Centre for Conflict Management and Peace Studies (Faculty Rep. 2009)
(d) Member, P.G Screening Committee (Dec., 2009)
(e) PG Co-ordinator, English Dept. (2008 – 2009)
(f) H.O.D of English Department (On Sabbatical Leave) at Bingham University, Karu, Nassarawa State. 2007/2008
(g) Part – Time Lecturing at the Dept. of English, Uinversity of Saint Louis, Senegal. 1993 – 1995
(h) Senate Committee Member to Investigate the Delays caused in the Release of Postgraduate Students’ Results. (February 2015 – June 2015)
(i) H.O.D of English, Department of English, University of Jos (Democratically Elected Dec., 2016 – Dec 2018)
(j) Member, Panel to Conduct a Regularization Interview for Newly Recruited Administrative Staff (May, 2017)
(k) Member, Students’ Disciplinary Committee (February 2017 Till Date)
(l) Full-Time Lecturing at the Dept. of English, University of Jos (1995 till date)
G. WORKING EXPERIENCE WITH DATES
1. Teacher: English Grammar and Literature- in- English:
Saint Murumba College, Jos, Nigeria. (1989-1990)
2. Part-Time Lecturer in English & Comprehension
Department of English,
University of Saint-Louis,
3. *Twenty-Two (22) Years of Full-Time Lecturing (in Lit-in-English & Advanced English Composition)
Department of English,
Faculty of Arts,
University of Jos, Jos,
(1995, till date).
- LEVELS OF PROMOTION
- Lecturer ll; Department of English, Faculty of Arts, University of Jos, Jos. October lst, 1997
- Lecturer l; Department of English, University of Jos, Jos. October lst, 2000
- Senior Lecturer; Department of English, University of Jos, Jos. October lst, 2003
- Associate Professor; Department of English, University of Jos, Jos. October lst, 2009
- Professor; Department of English, University of Jos, Jos. October lst, 2013
I. LIST OF UNDERGRADUATE COURSES CURRENTLY TAUGHT IN THE UNIVERSITY OF JOS
ENG 210: Creative Writing l
ENG 220: Advanced English Composition
ENG 314: African Fiction
ENG 418: Creative Writing Workshop
ENG 430: Contemporary African Authors
ENG 425: Research Project (Dissertation) Supervision
COURSES TAUGHT AT POSTGRADUATE (M.A.) LEVEL
ENL 533: Themes in African Novel
ENL 536: Women in Literature
ENL537: Themes in Caribbean Literature
ENL 547: Thesis Supervision
- PROJECTS/THESES SUPERVISION
M.A SUPERVISOR TO UNDER-LISTED (ABRIDGED LIST)
- Ladeji, Ololade (PGA/UJ/0030/04) The Changing Image of Women in African Literature: A Critical Analysis of Chimamanda Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus and Elechi Amadi’s Estrangement.
- Longdet, Sorochi (PGA/UJ/00160/07) Women’s Identity as Palimpsest: A Study of Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus and Tsitsi Dangarembga’s Nervous Conditions.
- Gambo Kurmicit (PGAR/UJ/00046/10) Modern Trends in Contemporary Nigerian Women’s Writings: A Case Study of Nwapa’s Efuru and Shoneyin’s The Secret Lives of Baba Segi’s Wives.
- David Emmanuel (PGAR/UJ/0153/2012). Oppression and Liberation in Adichie and Baingana: A Comparative Study.
- Fada Ruth (PGAR/UJ/0239/2013). A Psychoanalytic Study of Flaubert’s Madame Bovary & Shoneyin’s The Secret Lives of Baba Segi’s Wives.
- Yadok, Bizuum Godwill PGAR/UJ/0160/2014) ‘Nigerian Women in Science Fiction: Focus on Okorafor’s Lagoon and Zarah the Windseeker.’
- Zakka, Nenpan Monday (PGAR/UJ/0141/2014) ‘ Cultural Values and Social Transformation in Contemporary African Women’s Writings: A Study of Selected Works of Amma Darko and Chimamanda Adichie.’
- Philip Jingan Ayuba. ‘ Obscene Literature among Nigerian Female Writers: A Study of Lola Shoneyin’s The Secret Lives of Baba Segi’s Wives and Doreen Baingana’s Tropical Fish.’
- Grace Itapson. ‘War & Women, Oppression & Optimism in Hosseini & Okpewho.’
- Dangabar, Maryam Sadiq (PGAR/UJ/0118/2014) ‘A Gynandrist Reading of Chinua Achebe’s Anthills of The Savannah and Helon Habila’s Waiting for An Angel.’
- Jibril, Salim (UJ/2016/PGAR/0012) ‘An Appraisal of Nawal El sadaawi’s Woman at Point Zero and Abubakar Adam Ibrahim’s Season of Crimson Blossoms.’
- Hassan Lilian Umar (UJ/2016/PGAR/0227) ‘The Consequences of Exploitation and Oppression of Women in Patriarchal Socities: A Case Study of Khaled Hosseini’s A Thousand Splendid Suns and Tsitsi Dangarembga’s Nervous Conditions.’
- Adebare, Elizabeth (UJ/2016/PGAR/0151) ‘The Images of Women in Literature as Portrayed by Male Writers: A Comparative Study of Wole Soyinka’s Kongi’s Harvest, The Lion & The Jewel and J.P. Clark’s Wives Revolt.’
- Ibeh, Chika Joy (UJ/2016/PGAR/0283) A Feminist Reading of Zaynab Alkali’s Invisible Borders, Razinat Mohammed’s The Travails of a First Wife and Chika Unigwe’s On Black Sisters’ Street.’
- Choji, Maryam (UJ/2016/PGAR/0211) ‘Rukuba Folk Narrative and Social Realism.’
INTERNAL EXAMINER TO UNDER-LISTED (AN ABRIDGED LIST OF M.A.DEGREE)
- Loko, Mohammed Abubakar (PGA/UJ/12749/02)
- Ntamu, Agabi (PGA/UJ/0021/04)
- Dah, Margaret Ikonyan (PGA/UJ/11215/00)
- Rwang, Shadrach (PGA/UJ/1122/00)
- Obi, Kingsley (PGA/UJ/0032/04)
- Bistu, Joseph (PGA/UJ/00093/10)
- Kaze, Douglas Eric (PGA/UJ/00113/07)
- Vachaku, Titus Blamah (PGA/UJ/0028/07)
- Somasundara, Shiranthi (PGAR/UJ/0291/2014)
- Arabi, Bilkisu Abubakar (PGAR/UJ/0059/2014)
- Abdullahi, Nafiu (PGAR/UJ/0003/2014)
MPHIL/PHD SUPERVISOR & INTERNAL EXAMINER TO UNDER-LISTED
- Barnabas, Oluwatoyin (PGA/UJ/0030/06) Conflict and Empowerment in Selected Prose of Wole Soyinka and Sembene Ousmane. (Defended).
- Wadinga, Wandama (UJ/2012/PGAR/0132). Fabulation and Magical Realism in Nigerian Literature:A Study of Amos Tutuola, Ben Okri and Biyi Bandele-Thomas. (Defended).
- Fwangyil, Gloria (UJ/2012/PGAR/0120). A Histo-Literary Study of the Nigerian Feminist Novel: 1990-2013. (Awaiting Defense).
- Jalo, Leah (UJ/2014/PGAR/0043). Feminism as a Tool for Social Engineering and Change in Akachi Adimora Ezeigbo and Ifeoma Okoye.’ (Ongoing).
- Lomka, Iliya Kopdiya (UJ/2014/PGAR/0389). Humanism and Religious Worldviews in Selected Novels of Teju Cole and Abidemi Sanusi. (Ongoing).
- Bwai, Patricia (UJ/2016/PGAR/0031). (Ongoing).
UNDERGRADUATE SUPERVISION TO UNDER-LISTED (AN ABRIDGED LIST)
- I have supervised over 70 undergraduate projects since 1995 till date:
- MOST RECENT SUPERVISION LIST
- Davun, Tangkat James (UJ/2010/AR/0078). ‘Social Protest and Literary Imagination: A Case Study of J.M. Coetzee’s Disgrace.’
- Goshit ,Piritmwa (UJ/2010/AR/0026). ‘ Scatology as a Tool for Radical Change in the Prose Works of Contemporary African Writers: A Critical Study of Adichie’s Americanah.’
- Imo, Chigozirim Ujuchukwu (UJ/2011/AR/0007). ‘Social Satire in Adichie’s Americanah.’
- Ebere, Chinaza Elizabeth (UJ/2011/AR/0059). ‘Chika Unigwe’s On Black Sisters’ Street and National Dilemma: Views from the Novel.’
- Peter, Happy (UJ/2012/ AR/0037). ‘Violence in the New South Africa: A Case Study of J.M Coetzee’s Disgrace.’
- Borash, Palang Felix (UJ/2012/AR/0339). ‘Exploring Dangarembga’s Metaphors of Food & Eating as symbolic in a Social Situation of Nervous Conditions.’
- Kesuwo, Anna Kelvin (UJ/2012/AR/0389). ‘Symbolism and the Quest for a New Social Awareness in Khaled Hosseini’s A Thousand Splendid Suns.’
- Ibrahim, Blessing (UJ/2012/AR/0011). ‘Oppression, Insecurity and Exploitation in South African Writing: A Case Study of Maxwell Coetzee’s Disgrace.’
- Sadus, Anamoti Habila (UJ/2012/AR/0079). ‘Themes and Techniques in Amaka Azuike’s Nanret, Violated: A Woman’s Story and Killing Frenzy.’
- Ani, Mercy Onyiyechi (UJ/2013/AR/0321). ‘The Revolutionary Imagery of the Modern Nigerian Woman in Adichie’s Americanah.’
- Billy, Rita Wilson (UJ/2013/AR/0586). ‘Violence, Oppression and the Literature of Insurgency: A Study of Helon Habila’s The Chibok Girls.’
BOOKS & ARTICLES IN LEARNED JOURNALS
- Azuike, Maureen. ‘Brain, Beast or Black Sheep? The Search for Identity and Literacy by Traditional African Women in Novels of Buchi Emecheta and Chinua Achebe’. G.E.L.L. Saint-Louis: Universite de Saint-Louis, Senegal. No.1, 1997. (52-64).
- Azuike, Maureen. ‘The Naturalistic Influence of Environment on character in Mwangi and Wright: A Comparative Study of Kill Me Quick, Going Down River Road, Native Son and Black Boy.’Jos Journal of Humanities. Jos: University of Jos, Vol 1., 1998. (23- 28).
- Azuike, Maureen. ‘Education as a Means of Women Empowerment in Zaynab Alkali’s Works.’ Social Sciences Research Communication. Ed. Lawanson. Lagos: Research Communications, Vol. 1, No. 1. 1999. (25-30).
- Azuike, Maureen. ‘Realism and the Nigerian Society: A Study of Bandele-Thomas’s The Man Who Came in From the Back of Beyond.’Jos Journal of Humanities. Jos: University of Jos, Vol.2.No.1, 2000. (144-149).
- Azuike, Maureen. ‘Desperate Men and Doomed Women: A Different Kind of Tragedy in Elechi Amadi’s The Concubine.’ G.E.L.L. Saint Louis, Senegal. No.5, 2001. (45-52).
- Azuike, Maureen. ‘Man Made Laws and Rebellious Women... A Radical Feminist Quest for Socio-Economic Equality.’ Studies in Language and Literature. Ed. Macpherson Azuike. Jos: Mazlink, 2001. (158- 166).
- Azuike, Maureen. ‘Myth, History and Cultural Subordination: A Study of the Female Psyche in Salami’s The Queen Sisters.’ Jos Journal of Humanities. Jos: University of Jos, Vol 1.No.3, 2003. (55-59).
- Azuike, Maureen. ‘Women and Governance: Four Years of Democracy in Nigeria.’ Democratic Rebirth in Nigeria. Ed. Aaron Gana et al. Plainsboro, New Jersey: AFRIGOV, Vol. 1. 1999-2003 (pub. 2005). Pg. (133-147).
- Azuike, Maureen. ‘Akachi Ezeigbo’s The Last of the Strong Ones: A Reconstruction of the Female Experience.’ The Journal of Communicative English. Makurdi: University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Vol. 3, 2007. (1-14).
- Azuike, Maureen. ‘A Study of the Role of the Media in Conflict and Emergencies with specific Reference to the Crises in Plateau State (Sept. 2001-May 2004).’ Middle Belt, Not Killing Belt! Abuja: Actionaid Nigeria, 2008. (98-116).
- Azuike, Maureen Amaka. Women’s Struggles and Independence in Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus and Half of a Yellow Sun. Ethiopia: International Association of African Researchers and Reviewers
Inc., Vol. 3 (4), July, 2009. (79-91).
- Azuike, Maureen Amaka. ‘Nanret’ in The Ker Review: A Journal of Nigerian Literature. Ed. Asoo Ferdinand. Makurdi: Aboki Publishers. Vol. 7 Nos 1 & 2. January – December, 2012. (145- 152).
- Azuike, Maureen Amaka. ‘Killing Frenzy (a Woman’s Story)’ in Creative and Critical Writing for Peace Building in Nigeria: The Jos Paradigm. Ed. Isaac Lar. Ibadan: Akin Press & Services. 2012. (287 – 300).
- Azuike, Maureen Amaka. ‘Educating for a Culture of Peace: A Book Review’ in Creative and Critical Writing for Peace Building in Nigeria: The Jos Paradigm. Ed. Isaac Lar. Ibadan: Akin Press & Services. 2012. (385 – 395).
- Azuike, Maureen Amaka. ‘Trapped in the Spider’s Web: Black Man’s Experience in The Lonely Londoners and in Native Son’ in Journal of Arts and Contemporary Society (JACS). Minna: Cenresinpub, Vol.5 (1) June, 2013. (35 – 43).
- Azuike, Maureen Amaka. ‘Traded’ in Lapai journal of Languages, Literatures and Communication Studies (LAJOLLACS). Ed. Sule Egya. Lapai: IBB University, Vol.1. (2), 2014. (269 – 274).
- Azuike, Maureen Amaka. ‘Towards Improving the Performance of Students in Public Examinations: Important but Neglected Areas in English Language’ in Humanity Jos Journal of General Studies. Ed. Modupe Onwochei. Jos: JD Press, Vol.7.No.1, August, 2014. (180-192).
- Azuike, Maureen Amaka. ‘Transcending Moral Boundaries in Contemporary African Women’s Writings: Feminism and the Disillusionment of the Sexually Autonomous’ in Journal of Arts and Contemporary society (JACS). Minna: Cenresinpub, Vol. 7. No.1, 2015. (67-87).
- Azuike, Maureen Amaka. ‘The Comatose State of Nigerian Democracy: A Review of Achebe’s The Trouble with Nigeria.’ Minna: CPESR. 2016. (36 – 43).
- Azuike, Maureen Amaka. ‘An Informative Review of Srilatha Batliwala’s Feminist Leadership for Social Transformation: Clearing the Conceptual Cloud.’ In Iwoketok, Azuike & Nnadi (eds.) Essays in Language and Literature: A Festschrift in Honour of Prof. Kanchana Ugbabe. Kaduna: Department of English University of Jos. 2016. (131 – 137).
- Azuike, Maureen Amaka. ‘The Consequences of Promiscuity and the Business of Sex in the Digital Age’. In Journal of Social Science and Public Policy. Vol. 9 No.1. Minna: CPESR. March, 2017 (46- 54).
- Azuike, Maureen Amaka. ‘Challenges and Effects of Social Media on the Education of the Child in the 21st Century’ in Journal of Arts and Contemporary Society. Vol.9. No.2 Minna: CPESR. July, 2017 (46-56).
CO-EDITED AND PUBLISHED BOOK
- Iwoketok, U.E., Azuike, M.A, & Nnadi, I.C. Essays in Language and Literature: A Festschrift in Honour of Prof. Kancahana Ugbabe. Kaduna: Department of English University of Jos. 2016.
- PUBLISHED CREATIVE WORKS
- Azuike, Maureen Amaka. Campus Blues. Jos: University Press Ltd,
1999. (91 Pages). ISBN 978-166-153-4
- Azuike, Maureen & Azuike, Macpherson. Tides of Time. Jos: Mazlink Publishers, 2000 (60 Pages). ISBN 9783538047
- Azuike, Maureen Amaka in Jerry Agada (Edt). Five Hundred Nigerian Poets. Makurdi: Aboki Publishers, 2005 (122 – 128), Vol 1. ISBN 978-8098-19-3.
- Azuike, Maureen Amaka. Gentle Giants. Jos: Baytower Publishers, 2008 (69 Pages). ISBN 978-37352-5-X
- Azuike, Amaka. ‘Violated: A Woman’s Story’ in Ibadan Journal of English Studies (IBJES). Ed. Omobowale. Ibadan: University of Ibadan, Vol.9, 22nd March, 2013. (198-207).
- Azuike, Maureen Amaka. ‘At the University Congregation’ in Lapai Journal of Languages, Literatures and Communication Studies (LAJOLLACS). Ed. Sule Egya. Lapai: IBB University, Vol.2, No.1, 2014. (261 – 264).
- Azuike, Amaka. ‘Witness to Terror.’ In Iwoketok, Azuike & Nnadi (eds.) Essays in Language and Literature: A Festschrift in Honour of Prof. Kanchana Ugbabe. Kaduna: Department of English University of Jos. 2016. (403-409).
- Azuike, Maureen Amaka. ‘Migration, Heterosexuality and Images of Devalued Womanhood in Selected Works of Adichie, agary and Baingana.’ Abuja: Centre for Gender Security Studies and Youth Advancement, 2017.
M. * UNIVERSITY OF JOS INAUGURAL LECTURE SERIES #73
Azuike, Maureen Amaka (Professor). ‘Transcending Moral Boundaries in Contemporary African Women’s Writings: Feminism and the Disillusionment of the Sexually Autonomous.’ Inaugural lecture delivered Thursday, July 23rd, 2015 (#73) at the University of Jos.
- ACADEMIC CONFERENCES/WORKSHOPS ATTENDED
- First International Conference of the National Association of Women Academics- (NAWACS); September 28-30, 1998 at the University of Jos. (Presented a Paper).
- Training Workshop for Northern Nigerian Universities on ‘Gender and Women’s Studies.’ September 27-30, 1999 at Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. (A Participant).
- ‘Colloquium on Citizenship and Residency Rights’. Organized by the Citizen’s Forum for Constitutional Reform (C.F.C.R.) F.C.T., Abuja: 29th-30th May, 2000. (A Participant).
- Conference on ‘Four Years of Democracy in Nigeria.’ Organized by the African Centre for Democratic Government (AFRIGOV); Abuja: March 20th-23rd. 2003. (A Resource Person).
- African Literature Association: 34th Annual Conference; 22nd-27th April, 2008 at Western Illinois University Macomb, Illinois USA. (Presented a Paper.)
- African Literature Association: 35th Annual Conference; 15th-19th April, 2009 at the University of Vermont, Burlington VT USA. (Presented a Paper.)
- Women in Africa & the African Diaspora (WAAD) Conference, August 3rd – 8th, 2009 at FCT Abuja, Nigeria. (A Participant).
- A 2-day Training Workshop on Manuscript Writing. Organised by Jos Carnegie Partnership committee (University of Jos) in Collaboration with West African College of Surgeons (WACS), 5th – 6th September, 2011. (A Participant).
- African Literature Association: 40th Annual Conference; 9-13 April, 2014 at the University of Witswaterstrand Johannesburg, South Africa. Contributed an Approved Abstract.
- Women & Leadership Training Workshop. Organised by the Centre for Gender and Women’s Studies, University of Jos, Jos. August, 2016. (A Participant).
- 1st National Conference on Gender Studies. Organised by Centre for Gender Security Studies and Youth Advancement, Abuja, 18th – 21st October, 2017. (Chair of Panel/ Paper Presenter).
- PROFESSIONAL ACCOMPLISHMENT
I have proven record and experience of leadership and social mobilization and have over twenty-two years of professional work experience in lecturing Language and Literature courses at the University level. Apart from supervising and examining numerous undergraduate dissertations and postgraduate theses, I have assessed a good number of PROFESSORIAL candidates since my elevation to Full Chair in October 2013. I specialize in African Literature with long-standing interests in Creative Writing, Feminism and Gender and Women’s Studies; areas in which my publications have largely dwelt on.
- CONTRIBUTION TO KNOWLEDGE
My doctoral degree (awarded 2004), titled: ‘A Radical Feminist Approach to the Works of Zaynab Alkali’, contributes immensely to knowledge because I conducted a careful study of Alkali’s works as a quest for self autonomy for all her major female protagonists and by implication for the Nigerian women in particular and the African women in general. Also, Alkali’s works (especially her earlier texts) tend to cast a critical light on the retrogressive cultural norms that exist in a patriarchal structure and which tend to repress female potentialities. My research is emphatic of the fact that Alkali’s works, especially the earlier ones studied for my doctoral degree, have very strong feminist connotations which reveal Alkali’s inclination towards radicalism. As a matter of fact, my research contributes immensely to exposing Zaynab Alkali as a Radical Feminist.
- Prof. D Jowitt,
Department of English,
University of Jos,
- Prof. Reuben Embu,
Department of Theatre & Film Arts,
University of Jos,
- Prof. C. Imo,
Department of Religious Studies,
University of Jos,
Signature: Professor Maureen Azuike,
Date: 1st January, 2018