Department of Plant Science and Technology

 

HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT

Like most Departments in the Faculties of Arts, Education and Natural Sciences, the Department of Plant Science and Technology (then called Department of Botany), started as an off-shoot of the parent Department at the University of Ibadan and the Degree Programme was introduced early in 1974 at the Murtala Mohammed Way Campus in Jos township.

The initial lecturers usually came on secondment for brief periods, from the Parent University, as Part-Time Visiting Lecturers.  However, by October, 1974, Drs. C.O. Akueshi, V. S. A. Odunfa and I. O. Fasidi were sent to Jos as permanent staff of the Jos Campus of University of Ibadan. Along with them came Professor B. A. Oso, a Senior Staff member of the Department of Botany, University of Ibadan, who was requested to proceed to Jos on Secondment for the 1974/75 session as the Resident Administrator to oversee the running of the Young Department. 

During the 1975/76 session, Professor Ayandele (the then Principal of Jos Campus of the University of Ibadan) appointed Dr. C. O. Akueshi as the Coordinator of Botany Department.  Also, in 1975 the then Military Government announced the establishment of seven new Universities and Jos Campus of the University of Ibadan thus became an autonomous University transferring to University of Jos. 

Professor G. K. Berrie was appointed the first substantive Head of the autonomous Department of Plant Science and Technology (then Botany) and had Drs. C. O. Akueshi, C. P. Sreenadhavan and C. I. C. Ogbonna as the academic staff; with Mr. M. O. Oziegbe as a Laboratory Technologist; Messrs L. O. Diala, S. A. Dare, G. Abimbola and Miss Agnes Unigwe were the laboratory assistants; Miss V. Ekule was the office clerk; while Mr. P. Uroko served as the office Messenger and Mr. P. Njoku as gardener

With this nuclear staff, the Department started her Undergraduate and Postgraduate Programmes in 1976/77 and 1978/79 sessions, respectively.  The Department produced the first batch of Undergraduates and Postgraduates in 1979 and it is noteworthy that Prof. T. O. S. Popoola, University of Agriculture Abeokuta, and Mr. K. J. Osaji, a Postgraduate and staff of this Department, were among the first group of the Departmental products.

Professor Berrie left at the end of 1978/79 session and was succeeded by Dr. C. M. Yaqub, (1979/80), Dr. P. G. Abraham (1980/81 session), Dr. C. O. Akueshi (1981/82 session), Dr. S. A. Alavi (1982/83 and 1983/84 sessions), Prof. C. O. Akueshi  (1984/85 to 1991/92 sessions), Prof. C. I. C. Ogbonna (1992/93 to 1997/98 sessions), Prof. A. T.M. Rahman (199/2000 session), Prof. O. P. Ifenkwe (2000/2001 to 2002/2003), Prof. B. A. Ajala (2003/2004 to 2008/2009),  Prof. S.E. Agina (2009/2010 to 2009/2010) and Prof. F. C. Onwuliri  (2010/2011 to 2015), and only recently Associate Professor, Dr. P.A. Wuyep took over as the current Acting Head.

Following the expansion of programmes within the Department, in line with the current advancement in the World of Technology, the Department changed its name to Department of Plant Science and Technology in 2007/2008 session which in fact reflects its scope of subjects coverage.

The Philosophy of the Programme, therefore, is to produce high-level graduate manpower to man the Nation’s Secondary and Tertiary Institutions, Research Institutes and Universities, Ministerial Departments and Oil Companies, Agricultural and Forestry Establishments, Health Departments, Institutions’ libraries and Foreign Service Posts amongst others.  

The primary objectives of the Department are to equip the Undergraduate Students with a sound knowledge of the fundamental principles and modern technological methodologies involved in the study and applications of plants and plant products as well as make students aware of the impact of Plant Science and Technology on such diverse fields as Agriculture, Criminology, Environmental Management, Forestry, Geology, Horticulture, Information Technology, Medicine, Microbiology, Pharmacy, Pharmacology, and even Statistics.  The study of Plants is also aimed to act as a focus for the teaching and research on the unique floristic characteristic of the Jos Plateau and such specific crops as acha (Digitaria exilis L.), Irish Potato (Solanum tubersum L.), Mangu bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), Rizga (Plectranthus esculentus), etc. which are ideal plants that are cultivated only in the Plateau area of Nigeria.  It is not surprising, therefore that graduates of the Department of Plant Science and Technology are well equipped for and are gainfully employed in the diverse fields of plant and applied sciences, microbiology, genetic engineering, information technology, pharmaceutical sciences, medicine and diverse levels of educational pursuits.  The commercial utilisation of Economic plants has led to the development of the area of Timber and Technology.  It is hope that with time, the Department would award an additional Degree in Timber Science and Engineering.

B. Sc. HONOURS IN PLANT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

This is a four-year full-time programme with a supervised 6-month industrial training period for the students to acquire an extent of practical applicability of their theoretical knowledge.  It is designed to give students a broad knowledge of biological and technological concepts, with the expected specialisation in the fourth year after a major project carried out be each student under the supervision of a senior academic staff in the department.  The broad lines of studies followed are eighteen; which are: General Biology, Botany, Plant Technology, Chemistry, Industrial Microbiology, Biotechnology, Zoology, Biomedical subjects, Environmental Science, Geology, Mathematics, Physic, Statistics, Computer Science, Horticulture, plant Breeding, Tissue Culture and general Studies.

The first and second years lay the foundation for the remaining two years which consolidate the knowledge of the relevant Physical Sciences and Computer Technology.  The third year continues and extends the eighteen subject areas throughout Plant Science and Technology.  This followed by a six-month period of students’ industrial work experience scheme (SIWES).  A field course is held during each year of study.  In the fourth year, students specialise by choosing from a variety of theoretical and practical options.  In addition, students carry out an in-depth research project a special literature exercises on selected research topics.  Students are advised to seek guidance from their course lecturers in choosing their elective courses.

Students for the Bachelors degree may be admitted either by:

  1. Passing the Universities Matriculation Examination (UME) after having obtained the Senior Secondary School Certificate with Five Credits which must include Biology, Chemistry, English and Mathematics or 5 Credits level passes in GCE ‘O’ level including Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics and English Language. 
  2. As for persons seeking admission into the second year, they must pass Botany (Theory and Practical), Zoology and Chemistry at the A/Level.  If they do not possess a credit in English Language already at the O /Level, they have to pass the A/Level General paper as well.

The evaluation of a student’s performance in a course is done on the basis of marks scored in the final examination and in his continuous assessment. The continuous assessment is given a weighting of 30% while the final examination has a weighting of 70%. The minimum pass mark is 40% and the student who fails the course is allowed to register for the course again and take the examination when next it is offered in accordance with the Grade Point system of 1 to 5. Letter grades and grade points used in the presentation of the results are as follows:

 

% Score         Letter Grade                Grade Point               Remark

70 – 100                  A                              5                           Pass

60 – 69                    B                              4                           Pass

50 – 59                    C                              3                           Pass

45 – 49                    D                              2                           Pass

40 – 44                    E                              1                           Pass

0 – 39                      F                              0                            Fail

 

At the end of session, the Cumulative Grade Point Average CGPA, is computed as per the National Universities Commission’s Minimum Academic Standard Curriculum and released to the student; the class of degree of a graduating student is determined as follows:

Class of Degree                                    CGPA

1st Class                                                4.50 – 5.00

2nd Class Upper                                     3.50 – 4.49

2nd Class Lower                                     2.40 – 3.49

3rd Class                                                 1.50 – 2.39

Pass Degree                                           1.00 – 1.49

Fail                                                          0  - 0.99

Course Outline

COMPULSARY COURSES

CREDIT

UNIT

SEMESTER

 

Bio 101 General Biology I (PST)

BIO 102 General Biology II (Z)

BIO 105 Practical Biology (PST)

CHM 101 Physical chemistry I

CHM 102 Organic Chemistry I

CHM 103 Physical Chemistry I Practical

CHM 104 Organic Chemistry I Practical

CS 101 Introductory Computer Science

MCB 101 Introduction to Microbiology

MTH 101 Elementary Mathematics I

MTH 103 Elementary Mathematics III

PHY 101 General Physics I

PHY 103 General Physics III

PHY 105 General Physics Laboratory

GST 101 Use of English

GST 102 Philosophy and Logic

GST 103 Nigerian People and Culture

GST 104 History and Philosophy of Science

                                 Total

4

4

3

3

3

1

1

2

2

3

3

3

3

2

4

2

2

2

47

I

II

II

I

II

I

II

I

II

I

II

I

II

I

I&II

II

I

I

COMPULSARY COURSES

CREDIT

UNIT

SEMESTER

 

BIO 201 Genetics I (PST)

BIO 202 Introductory Ecology (Z)

BIO 203 General Physiology (Z)

BIO 204 Biological Techniques (Z)

BIO 205 Introductory Developmental Cell Biology

CHM 211 Organic chemistry II

CS  201 Computer programming

PST 202 Seedless plants

PST 203 Seed Plants

STABIO 202 Statistics for Agric & Biological students

ZOO 201 Lower Invertebrates

ZOO 202 Coelomate Invertebrates

GST 222 Peace and Conflict Studies

GST 223 Entrepreneurship Skill

                                           Total

ELECTIVES

MCB 201 General Microbiology

CHM 213 Analytical Chemistry I

ZOO 203 Chordates (Z)

2

2

2

2

3

3

4

2

2

2

4

2

2

3

3

2

3

I

I

II

I

II

I

I

I

I

II

II

II

II

I

COMPULSARY COURSES

CREDIT

UNIT

SEMESTER

 

BIO 301 Genetics II (PST)

BIO 302 F field course I (Z)

PST 301 Plant Taxonomy

PST 302 Comparative anatomy of Plants

PST 303 Plant physiology

PST 304 Plant Bioresources & their Ecology

PST 305 Mycology

PST 306 Plant Breeding Technology

PST 308 Horticulture

PST 309 Plant Nematology & Virology

PST 311 Plant Biochemistry

PST 312 Phycology

PST 399 SIWES

                           Total

RESTRICTIVE ELECTIVE

  • Afforestation
  • Applied Plant anatomy
  • Aquatic and Pollution Biology
  • Horticulture
  • Biotechnology

 

2

1

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

2

6

38

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

II

COMPULSARY COURSES

CREDIT

UNIT

SEMESTER

 

BIO 409 Population Ecology (Z)

BIO 410 Conservation and Development

BIO 413 Field Course II (Pre-BIO 302)

BIO 414 Molecular Biology (PST)

PST 402 Economic Botany

PST 403 Nigerian Vegetation

PST 404 Wood Science & Technology

PST 405 Taxonomy

PST 406 Plant Pathology

PST 408 Plant Tissue Culture

PST 410 Nigerian forest Product

PST 411 Plant Biochemistry II

PST 412 Industrial Timber Preservation Tech

PST 413 Soil Science

PST 499 Research Project

                                        Total

 

ELECTIVES

PST 407 Plant reproduction

PST 418 Industrial Mycology

PST 409 Plant Virology

PST 415 Marine Plants

PST 417 Microbial Ecology

PST 414 Advanced Mycology

PST 416 Advanced Phycology

                                        Total

2

2

2

3

2

2

2

2

3

3

2

3

2

2

6

38

 

 

2

4

3

2

2

2

2

22

 

II

II

1

II

II

I

I

II

I

II

II

I

I

II

I&II

 

 

 

II

I

I

I

II

I

II

 

PLANT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PROGRAMME

 

100 LEVEL COURSES

 

BIO 101: GENERAL BIOLOGY 1 (4 Credits;1 Semester)

Characteristics and classification of living things. The cell theory: animal and plant cell structure and organization: functional anatomy and diversity of cellular organelles. Interrelationships of organisms, niches, food chains, trophic levels, productivity and energy cycling, elements of population ecology and ecological methods, and types of habitat. heredity and evolution.

 

BIO 102 GENERAL BIOLOGY 11 (4 Credits; 11 Semester)

A generalized survey of plants and animal kingdoms based mainly on the study of similarities and differences in the external and internal features and ecological adaptations of the different forms. Groups to study include viruses, bacteria, fungi, algae, bryophytes, pteridophytes and spermatophytes (gymnosperms and angiosperms) protozoa, porifera, cnidaria, platheminthes, nematodes, annelida, arthropods, mollusca, echinodemata, protochordata and vertebrata.

 

PST 102: BASIC MICRBIOLOGY FOR PLANT SCIENCES (2 Credits; 11 Semester)

The origin of Microbiology and the chemical basis of microbial life. The principles of microscopy, eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Introduction to various fungal algae and protozoa classes. Viruses-structure, properties and aspects of classification isolation methods. Actinomycetes- general consideration and their relationship with other microorganism. Yeasts-general consideration, culture media and the methods of cultivation of the various microorganisms.

 

BIO 104: GENETICS FOR MEDICAL STUDENTS (4Credits 11 Semester)

Genetics and its scope. Application and implications of genetics (in agriculture, ecology, genetic engineering, medicine). Mendel’s law of inheritance, extension of Mendel’s laws. Physical and chemical basis of inheritance. Man as an object of genetic expression. The pedigree blood group, human karyotype, sex determination (sex linked inheritance). Modification of classical Mendelian ratios, interaction in phenotypic expression, test cross, progeny test, backcross, partial dominance, lethal genes, linkages etc. Heredity and environment, the environment, the organism’s environment.  -Monozygotic and dizygotic twins, environmental interaction, epistasis and pleiotropy, phenotypic expression. Probability and Chi square, Application of statistical techniques, observation and theories. Test of goodness of fit, Contingency test. Quantitative and multiple allelic inheritances Mutation, physical and chemical basis of mutation; importance of mutation in evolution.

 

BIO 105: PRACTICAL BIOLOGY (3Credits, 11 Semester)

Principles of microscopy, Introduction to Biological Drawing Techniques. Introduction to classification and varieties of animals. Visit to zoos and wildlife parks. Study of external features of animals. Culture media in zoological studies, culturing of animals, animal tissues and cells, fish culture (Aquaculture) techniques:

Quantitative Ecology

Methods of measuring environmental factors

Biotic analysis

Dissection of representatives of different groups of invertebrate, proto chordata to expose their respiratory circulatory, osmoregulatory, neural endocrine and reproductive systems.

 

200 LEVEL COURSES

 

BIO 201 GENETICS 1 (2 Credits 1 Semester)

Hereditable and non-hereditable characteristics, probability and tests of goodness of fit. Quantitative inheritance: Variation in genome structure, Introduction to population genetics.

 

BIO 202 INTRODUCTORY ECOLOGY (2 Credits, 11 Semester)

Concepts and Definitions of ecosystem: ecosystems and energy flow. Biogeochemical cycles- the cycling of matter factors influencing environments and habitats community ecology. Production ecology, Human impacts on ecosystems conservation. Quantitative ecology- ecological Measurements.

 

BIO 203 GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY (2 Credits 11 Semester)

Physical and chemical processes in animal and plant physiology.

 

BIO 204: BIOLOGICAL TECHNIQUES (2 Credits; 1 Semester)

Microscope, preparation of microscope slides, photometry, colorimeter, chromatography, conductometry and experimental design.

 

BIO 205: INTRODUCTORY DEVELOPMENTAL CELL BIOLOGY (3 Credits: 11 Semester)

History and present trends in cell biology, reproduction and cell division, differentiation and growth, a brief study of the molecular basis of cell structure and development, organelles, proteins and nucleic acids.

 

MCB 201: GENERAL MICRBIOLOGY (3 Credits; 1 Semester)

Properties and aspects of classification, isolation methods, actinomycetes-isolate and their relationships with other microorganisms. Yeast – general consideration culture media and the methods of cultivation of the various microorganisms.

 

PST 202:  SEEDLESS PLANT (2 Credits 11 Semester)

Morphology and reproduction of algae, bryophytes and pteridophytes including fossils.

 

PST 203: SEED PLANTS (2 Credits; 1 Semester)

Morphology and reproduction of seed plants.

 

BIOSTAT 202: STATISTICS FOR AGRICULTURAL AND BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (4 Credits 11 Semester)

Use of statistical methods in Biology and Agriculture, frequency distributions. Law of probability, normal and binomial and poison probability distributions. Estimation and tests of hypothesis, design of simple agricultural and biological experiments, analysis of variance and covariance, simple regression and correlation, contingency tables. Some non-parametric tests.

 

300 LEVEL COURSES

 

BIO 301: GENETICS 11 (2 Credits; 1 Semester)

Inheritance; sex determination and sex linkages; polyploidy; extra chromosomal inheritance. Population genetics, the evolution of dominance.

                                                                

BIO 302: FIELD COURSE (1 Credit; 1 Semester)

Sampling techniques in local habitats.

 

PST 301:         PLANT TAXONOMY: (3 Credits I Semester)

Taxonomy and its significance principles and concepts in plant Taxonomy.  Construction and use of taxonomic keys.  Experimental taxonomy with special emphasis on cyto-taxonomy and chemotaxonomy.

PST 302:         COMPARATIVE ANATOMY OF PLANTS: (3 Credits I Semester)

 Characteristics and classification of tissue systems; Organization of meristems, evolution of vascular tissues, Comparative wood anatomy.  Anatomical adaptations to specialized Habitats.  Applied aspects of plant anatomy.

 

PST 303:         PLANT PHYSIOLOGY: (3 Credits I Semester)

Plant water relation, Photosynthesis, Respiration, Growth and Growth regulation, flowering dormancy, Seed germination, Senescence; Physiological aspects of Crops yield. Pre-requisite – BIO 203.

 

PST 304:         PLANT ECOLOGY: (3 Credits I Semester)

Study of various plant communities and their ecological framework;     Nigerian vegetation, desert and semi-desert plant productivity. Modern concepts in ecology. Pre-requisite – BIO 102

 

PST 305          MYCOLOGY: (3 Units)

Structure, life cycles, physiology and Classification of fungi.  Fungi of economic importance

 

PST 306:         PLANT BREEDING TECHNOLOGY: (3 Credits I Semester)

 The Objectives of plant breeding, origin and domestication of plants, Basis for breeding self-pollinated and cross pollinated crops.  Breeding Methods, pure line breeding and mass selection, pedigree method, bulk population breeding, back cross breeding.  Recurrent selection, heterosis, chromosome manipulation.

 

PST 308:         HORTICULTURE: (3 Credits I Semester)

Definition, preparation of garden soil for horticultural practices, Horticultural plants, the fruit garden, its planning and planting, types of fruit trees, citrus fruits and other fruits and their care, use of domestic wastes as soil fertilizer, pruning of horticultural plants, control of plant pests and disease pathogens.

 

 

PST 309:         PLANT NEMATOLOGY AND VIROLOGY 1 (3 Credits 1 Semester)

General Characteristics, reproduction system, nervous system and classification of nematodes and viruses. Life histories, movement, feeding, damage to plants. Parasitism and specialization aspects of behavior. Host-plant resistance and susceptibility. Biological races, nematodes and virus populations, relationships to fungi and bacteria. Sampling soil and plant for nematodes and viruses: processing of soil samples: recovery of nematodes and viruses in plant and animal tissues. Staining nematodes in plant tissues. Sampling nematodes population in field controlled experiments. Identification of some general plant and animal parasitic nematodes and viruses. Principles of nematodes and virus control. Use of resistant & tolerant varieties, biological physical and chemical methods.

 

BIO 311          PLANT BIOCHEMISTRY (3 Credits; 1 Semester)

Structures and functions of cell components. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. Chemistry and structure of carbohydrates lipids, proteins and nucleic acids and their derivatives: their methods of isolation and identification. Determination of acidity and alkalinity (pH) and pk values: buffers Enzymes and enzyme activity. Cell metabolism (Embem-meyerhoff pathway, TCA cycles, etc).

 

PST 312: PHYCOLOGY (2 Credits; 1 Semester)

Detailed account of range of structure in algae with emphasis on major divisions (Cyanophyta, Chlorophyta, Xanthophyta, Bacillariophyta, Phaeophyta, Rhodophyta) Reproduction, life cycle with examples from group.  Types variation patterns and their significance. origin and evolution, Mode of perennation in algae, evolution of thallus, Algae and the fossil record, Algae and aquatic environment; problematic occurrences.

 

PST 399:         SIWES (6 Credits; II Semester)

Industrial field experience in any one of the following:

(a) Afforestation

(b) Applied Plant Anatomy

(c)  Aquatic and Pollution Biology 

(d) Horticulture

(e) Biotechnology

Students to be attached to relevant Establishments for a period of six months for them to gain the necessary skills and work ethics in the Students Industrial Work Experience Scheme.      

 

400 LEVEL COURSES

 

BIO 409          POPULATION ECOLOGY: (2 Credits; II Semester)

BIO 410          NIGERIAN FOREST PRODUCTS: (2 Credits; II Semester)

Nigerian wood production, wood use, calculation of Net Revenues, Nigerian wood demand forecasting, timber yield of Nigerian Forests, Nigerian timber plantations, Nigerian timber exports, Nigerian Afforestation and stand ages, Avenue trees their development and management?

 

BIO 413:         FIELD COURSE II (2 Credits, I Semester)

This is designed to give students an opportunity to carry out a small Independent research project dealing with plant material, approved. By the Departmental Board and under the supervision of one or more

 

BIO 414:         MOLECULAR BIOLOGY (2 Credits; II Semester)

The structure, conformation and other properties of proteins, with special reference to X-ray crystallography and other physical techniques.  Polysaccharides, glycoprotein cell-wall structures etc and related biological macromolecules.  Structure and properties of DNA and RNA.  No practical.

 

PST 402          ECONOMIC BOTANY: (2 Credits 1 Semester)

A study of the Botany and cultivation of plant species with particular. Reference to Nigerian economic plants.

 

PST 403:         NIGERIAN VEGETATION: (2 Credits 1 Semester)

A study of Nigerian forests, savannah grasslands and special. Emphasis on arid zones.

 

PST 404:         WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY:(2 Credits)

Formation and properties of wood, tree growth, the woody plant cell, structure of hardwoods and coniferous woods, physical nature of wood, variability of wood within species, growth related defects in wood, defects due top seasoning and machining timber processing and uses, pulping for paper production, wood deterioration.

 

PST 405:         TAXONOMY II (2 Credits; II Semester)

Role of cytology in Taxonomy; Numerical Taxonomy; Hybridization and Taxonomy; Chemo taxonomy; Polyploidy and Taxonomy; Numerical Taxonomy.

 

PST 406          PLANT PATHOLOGY: (3 Units)

Principles and concepts in plants pathology:  The concept of disease, infection, pathogenesis, host pathogens relationship and methods and theory of biological and chemotherapy, diseases of Tree plantations – diagnosis and management, Plant diseases diagnosis laboratory, Plant Health delivery, the Plant Pathologist as the farmers Doctor. Pre-requisite – BOT 305.

PST 407          PLANT REPRODUCTION: (2 Credits; I Semester)

Developmental trends of sexual and asexual reproduction in Plants.

 

PST 408:         PLANT TISSUE CULTURE: (2 Credits)

Meristem culture, organ cultivation, embryo culture.  The role of plant hormones and vitamins.  Techniques of plant tissue culture. Applications of plant tissue culture in plant breeding.

 

PST 409          PLANT VIROLOGY: (2 Credits; I Semester)

General characteristics of plant bacterial viruses.  Viral Multiplication.  Selected viral diseases in plants.

 

BIO 411:         PLANT BIOCHEMISTRY II: (3 Credits; I Semester)

Study of Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Structures of Proteins.  Biochemical effects of Acids and Alkali on hydrolysis of nucleic acids.  Methods of isolating, Identification and determination of acidity and alkalinity of proteins.  Metabolism (anabolism and catabolism of carbohydrates, Lipids, proteins and nucleic acid).

PST 412:         INDUSTRIAL TIMBER PRESERVATION TECHNOLOGY: (2 Credits; 1 Semester). 

History of timber preservation, treatment plant, wood protecting Chemicals, preparation of timber for treatment, Preservation Process, uses of treated timber.

 

PST 413:         SOIL SCIENCE (2 Credits, I Semester)

Classification and characteristics of soils.  Chemical Components and analysis of soils and plant tissue.  Plant-soil-water relationships.

 

PST414:          ADVANCED PHYCOLOGY (2 Credits; II Semester)

Konwledge of algal distribution, classification (emphasis on recent sciences of algal classification and inter-relationship of division). physiological, bioluminescence rhythm, pigment constitution in various divisions, biological nitrogen fixation, Symbiotic algae, genetic recombination of cynabacteria, Reproduction in different algae phyla, ecology and economic importance, Algal toxicity and control, algal culture, isolation and purification of algae, Culture methods, growth measurement. Bioassay.

 

PST 415:         MARINE BOTANY (2 Credits; 1 Semester)

Marine algae, their distribution in the environment, Vitamins and fine chemicals from micro marine algae; The uses of micro-algae in aquaculture, micro-marine algae for human and animal consumption, Fats, oils and hydrocarbons from marine algae; the importance of micro-marine algae in agriculture, micro-marine algae and waste-water treatment.  The technology of micro-algal mass culture.

 

PST 416:         ADVANCED MYCOLOGY (2 Credits; I Semester)

Introduction to fungal Physiology Fungal Physiology: Fungal Enzymes, Growth Characteristics, Carbon and Nitrogen Sources & Utilization, Fungal Metabolites, Fungal Spores Germination, Fungal Reproduction, Biology of Yeast, General Aspects of Fermentation and some Industrial Uses of Fungi.

 

PST 417:         MICROBIAL ECOLOGY (2 Credits; II Semester)

Introduction, soil microorganisms and their roles in carbon cycle, nitrogen cycle and phosphorous cycle.  The effects of various soil parameters (pH), moisture, substrate content, soil depth, light and temperature) on microorganisms.  Thermophilism.  Methods of isolation of solution of soil microorganisms.  Mycosis’s.  Microbial association.  The microbial of natural waters, factors affecting the numbers and kinds of microorganisms in natural waters.  The effect of the various environmental factors on aquatic microorganisms (special emphasis on aquatic phycomycetes and hyphomycetes) Sampling methods.  Microbiology of the atmosphere including the origin and methods of isolation of aerial microorganisms.  Introductory aspects of diagnostic microbiology.

 

PST 418:         INDUSTRIAL MYCOLOGY (4 Credits, I Semester

Nature of industrial mycology, Fungi of industrial importance.  Aspects of the biology of Fungi, of importance in various fermentations.  Culture techniques and maintenance of selected cultures.  Mutation, strain selection and development, hybridization, media formulation and economics.  Optimization of fermentation media at laboratory scale.  Perimeter design operation.  Antifoams. Aspects of biochemical engineering.  Patents and Patent Law.  (Prerequisites: MCB 201 or MCB 301 or MCB 309).

 

PST 499:         RESEARCH PROJECT (6 Credits, I & II Semesters)

Project Topics will be assigned to students by the department.  Each student will work under a supervisor and present a seminar, which will be assess by the Departmental Academic Board. The student will then be examined by the External Examiner.