Department of Science Laboratory Technology

BRIEF HISTORY

The Science Laboratory Technology (SLT) Programme has been offered in the University of Jos since 1976. The programme was certified by the City and Guilds of London in conjunction with the Institute of Science Technology of the United Kingdom up to 1984. Thereafter the Nigerian Institute of Science Technology (NIST) took over the function of conducting the examinations in Science Laboratory Technology in Nigerian Universities leading to the award of Intermediate and Final Diplomas, and more recently the Ordinary National Diploma (OND) and Higher National Diploma (HND), of 3 years and 2 years duration respectively.

The products of this programme have gained prominence in secondary and tertiary educational institutions, research institutes, private laboratories, petrochemical industries, food industries, scientific products warehousing and distribution outlets.

By Act of the National Assembly, the NIST has not been empowered to award academic certificates to products of Universities SLT. Similarly it is abnormal for universities to award specialized technical diplomas such as OND/HND in Science Laboratory Technology (SLT) since they were not established to do so by their acts. Accordingly, the NIST, while resorting to its professional responsibilities, has requested the universities to run degree programmes in SLT courses. The degree programme started as part-time in 2004/2005 academic year.

The necessary Structures, manpower, facilities and other logistics have since been put in place for the commencement of the SLT full-time degree programmes funded by NUC in the University of Jos in 2009/2010 academic year. The pioneer lecturers since becoming a degree awarding Department include; J.S. Gushit, L.G. Turshak, S.D. Odewumi, T.Y. Amapu, B.P. Omoniwa while the following individuals served as Heads of Department:

  1. Prof. D. L. Wonang 2004-2008

  2. Prof. D. A. Dakul 2008-2012

  3. Dr. M. M. Izam (Reader) 2012-2016

  4. Dr. J.S. Gushit 2016- Date

 

The Science Laboratory Technology Programme shall provide its students with a broad based knowledge of theoretical, technological and practical knowledge in the Multi-disciplinary fields of laboratory Technology. The programme provides a five-year training to candidates that meet the minimum entry requirement for university education in Nigeria. It is also aimed at providing students with a broad balanced foundation of Science Laboratory Technology knowledge and practical skills in the areas of:

  1. Management of institutional, industrial and research laboratories and workshops to meet the technological needs of Nigeria.
  2. Designing, execution and coordination of science- based experiments and researches in the laboratories and workshops.
  3. Purchase and maintenance of stock of laboratory and workshop materials.

Admission and Graduation Requirements

  1. Five-credit level passes in SSCE/GCE; Ordinary Level (O.L.) in not more than two sittings in; Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics and English Language.

  2. Candidates with OND, ND or University of Jos Diploma in SLT at merit level pass provided they have (i) above.

  3. GCEA/L, IJME plus(i)above

To be eligible for the award of the degree, a candidate must satisfy the following conditions:

  1. Pass all University/Faculty Compulsory Courses

  2. Pass all Departmental core courses

  3. Spend the minimum number of semesters prescribed by the University of Jos

  4. Complete not less than six months of approved practical field work (Student Industrial Work Experience Scheme).

  5. Obtain the required total credit units as approved by the senate of the University of Jos.

A grading system using both letter (A-E) and figure (0-4) is more consistent with the system of degree classification in use in Nigeria, and is therefore approved for adoption.


The percentage score, letter grades, grade point average (GPA), cumulative grade point average (CGPA) and classes of degree, as approved for adoption are as shown in the table below.

 

(i)

Credit  Units

(ii)

% Scores

(iii) Letter Grades

(iv) Grade Points (GP)

(v) Grade Point Average (GPA)

(vi) Cumulative Average (CGPA)

(vii) Class of Degree

Vary according to contact hours assigned to each course per week per semester

and according to work load

carried  by student

70-100

A

4

Derived by multiplying I and IV

and dividing

by total credit units

3.50-4.00

First Class

60-69

B

3

 

3.00-3.49

2nd   Class

Upper

50-59

C

2

 

2.00-2.99

2nd     Class

Lower

45-49

D

1

 

1.00-1.99

 

Third Class

0-44

E

0

 

0.00-0.99

Fail

 

A minimum pass mark of 45% (equivalent to grade point of is approved for uniform adoption. Also a minimum CGPof 1.00 is required for graduation.

 

DEFINITION OF GRADE POINT GRADE POINT AVERAGE AND CUMULATIVE GRADE POINT AVERAGE

As there is considerable variation in the modes of application and interpretation of Grade Point Average (GPA) and Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) as a means of computing mean score of a student, therefore, the need to define and streamline their use as follows:

 

  • Grade Point (GP) The Grade Point derives from the actual percentage, raw score for a given course; the raw score is converted into a letter grade and a grade point (see Table above)
  • Grade Point Average (GPA) Performance in any semester is reported in Grade Pointaverage. This is average of weighted grade points earned in the courses taken during the semester.  The Grade Point Average is obtained by multiplying the Grade Point attained in each course by the number of Credit units assigned to that course, and then summing these up and dividing by the total number of Credit Units taken for the semester.
  • Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) This is the up-to-date mean of the Grade Points earned by the student in a programme of study. It is an indication of the student's overall performance at any point in the training programme.   To compute the Cumulative grade point average, the total of Grade Points multiplied by the respective Credit Units for all the semesters are added and then divided by the total number of Credit Units for all courses registered by the student.

Course Outline 

BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE TECHNIQUES OPTION

COURSE CODE

SEMESTER

COURSE TITLE

UNITS

 

BIO 101

1

General Biology I

4

 

BIO 102

2

General Biology II

4

 

CHM 101

1

Physical Chemistry I

3

 

CHM 103

1

Practical Physical Chemistry

1

 

CHM 102

2

Organic Chemistry I

3

 

CHM 104

2

Practical Organic Chemistry I

1

 

CHM 105

2

Inorganic Chemistry I

3

 

CHM 106

2

Practical Inorganic Chemistry

1

 

CS 101

1

Introduction to Computer Science

2

 

MTH 101

1

 Elementary Mathematics I-Algebra & Trig.

3

 

MTH 102

2

Elementary mathematics II

3

 

PHY 101

1

General Physics I –Mechanics

3

 

PHY 102

2

General Physics II: Electricity, Magnetism & Waves

3

 

PHY 103

2

General Physics III-Prop. of Matter and Therm. PHY

3

 

PHY 107

1

General Physics Laboratory I

2

 

PHY 108

2

General Physics Laboratory II

2

 

SLT 102

2

Workshop Technology and Practice

2

 

SLT 104

2

Glass Blowing Technology

2

 

Total

   

45

 

Electives

 

Compulsory for Biology /Microbiology Techniques Only

 

MCB 101

2

Introduction to Microbiology

2

 

       

 

Compulsory for Chemical Petroleum Techniques Only

 

MTH 103

2

Elementary Mathematics; Calculus I

3

 

       

 

Total Credit Load

   

48

 

Note: Biology and Microbiology Techniques will take 47 credit units while Chemical/Petroleum Techniques will take 48.

200 LEVEL

FIRST SEMESTER

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNIT

BIO 201

Genetics I (PST)

2

BIO 202

Introductory Ecology (Z)

2

SLT 201

Technical Drawing

1

PST 202

Seedless Plants (PST)

2

Z00 201

Lower Invertebrates

2

BIO 204

Biological Techniques I

3

CHM 211

Organic Chemistry II

2

CS 201

Computer Programming

4

GST 101

Use of English

4

GST103

Nigerian People’s Culture

2

GST104

History and Philosophy of Science

2

GST 223

Entrepreneurial Studies

2

Total

28

Electives

CHM 213

Analytical Chemistry

2

MCB 201

General Microbiology

3

SECOND SEMESTER

ZOO 204

Cell Biology and Histology (Z)

2

STA BIO 204

Statistics for Biological Sciences

4

BIO 203

General Physiology (Z)

2

SLT 202

Hazards and Safety in the Laboratory

2

BIO 205

Introductory Developmental/Cell Biology(PST/Z)

3

PST 203

Seed Plants (PST)

2

GST 222

Peace and Conflict Studies

2

GST102

Philosophy and Logic

2

Total

19

Total Credit Load

47

300 LEVEL

FIRST SEMESTER

BIO 301

Genetics II (PST)

3

BST 313

Basic principles in Botany

3

BST 303

General Cytology

3

BST 311

Industrial Field Course I

1

PST 305

Mycology (PST)

3

BST 305

General Entomology

3

BIO 311

General biochemistry I (PST)

3

MCB 301

Microbial Genetics and Molecular Biology

3

PST 301

Plant Taxonomy

3

Total

25

     

SECOND SEMESTER

BST 306

General Physiology II

3

BST 304

General Ecology

3

MBT 310

Food Microbiology

3

SLT 310

Research Methods

2

MBT 318

Microbial Ecology

2

BST 301

General Parasitology

3

BST 314

Biological Techniques II

2

Total

18

 

43

Elective

MBT 311

Fermentation Technology

2

BST 316

Introductory Taxonomy & Techniques

2

Total Credit Load

 

47

     
     

                                                                          400 LEVEL

FIRST SEMESTER

BST 401

Population Genetics

3

BST 413

Biology of Pests of Stored Products

3

BST 415

Storage Techniques

2

BST 411

Principles of Storage Engineering

2

BST 403

Cytogenetics of Plants

3

BIO 411

General Biochemistry II (PST)

3

BST 408

Soil Ecology

3

SLT 411

Laboratory Organization and Management I

3

BST 412

Plant and Environmental Pollution Monitoring

3

BST 402

Economic Botany

3

Total

28

SECOND SEMESTER

SLT 499

Industrial Training (SIWES)

6

Total Credit Load

 

34

                                                                     500 LEVEL

FIRST  SEMESTER

SLT 501

Photography and Illustrations

3

SLT 599

Research Project

6

BST 507

Vectors and Pest Management

3

BST 506

Food and Storage Chemistry

3

BST 512

Biological Techniques III

3

BST 514

Systematic Biology

3

Total

21

SECOND SEMESTER

MBT 502

Food Processing

3

SLT 503

Seminar

2

SLT 508

Laboratory  Organization and Management II

3

BST 509

Applied Parasitology

3

BST 508

Applied Vector and Pest Management

3

BST 502

Applied Storage Techniques

3

BST 505

Food Analysis

2

BIO 414

Molecular Biology (PST)

3

Total

22

Total Credit Load

43

DESCRIPTION OF COMMON COURSES TO ALL 100 LEVEL STUDENTS

 

BIO 101: GENERAL BIOLOGY I (4 Credits)

Cell structure and organization, functions of cellular organelles, diversity, characteristics and classification of living things, reproduction, interrelationships of organisms, heredity and evolution, elements of ecology and types of habitat.

 

BIO 102: GENERAL BIOLOGY II (4 Credits)

A generalized survey of plant and animal kingdoms based on the study of similarities and differences in the external features and ecological adaptations of these forms.

 

CHM 101               PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY I (3 Units)

Atoms, molecules and chemical reactions; chemical equations and stoichemistry; Atomic structural and periodicity, modern electronic theory of atoms; Radioactivity; Chemical bonding; properties of gases; Equilibria and thermodynamics, chemical kinetics; Electrochemistry, Thermochemistry.

 

CHM 102: ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (2 UNITS)

Historical survey of the development of and importance of organic chemistry. Nomenclature classes of organic compounds; homologous series. The carbon atom and bonding, structural and optical isomerisms, functional groups, conformation, alkanes, alcohols, amines, aldehydes, ketones carboxylic acids derivatives of carboxylic acids, amino acids, benzene compounds and phenols. Determination of structure of organic compounds; electronic theory in organic chemistry. Preparation, isolation and purification of organic compounds, qualitative and quantitative analysis of organic compound.

 

CHM 103. PRACTICAL PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (1)

Covers the practicals of most topics covered in CHM 101.

 

CHM 104: PRACTICAL ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I (1 UNIT )

Covers the practicals of most topics covered in CHM 102.

 

CHM 105: INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (2 UNITS)

Periodic table and periodicity of elements. Chemistry of hydrogen, study of groups I and II metals; oxides, hydroxides, halides and aqueous chemistry. Valency forces, structure of solids. Characteristics of the first row transition metals. Oxidation states, redox reactions and complexes. Chemistry of iron and copper. Study of group VII elements and basic chemistry of nitrogen, phosphorus, oxygen and sulphur. Hydrides, oxides, oxo-acids and oxo-anions of the non-metallic elements. Elementary quality and quantitative analysis.

 

CHM 106: PRACTICAL INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (1 UNIT)

Covers the practical of most topics covered in CHM 105.

 

CS 101: INTRODUCTORY COMPUTER SCIENCES (2 Units)

History of computers, functional components of computer, characteristics of a computer, problem solving, flow charts. Algorithms, computer programming statements, symbolic names, Arrays, subscripts, expression and control statement. Introduction to Basic or Fotran Programming language. Computer Application.

 

CSC 102: INTRODUCTORY COMPUTER APPLICATIONS (2 Units)

Operational parts of a microcomputer, operating systems, MS DOS, Windows 95, 98 or 2000; Word processing (Microsoft word or word perfect), spreadsheets (MS Excel or Lotus 1-2-3), Computer graphics (Corel Draw or MS power point). Database management systems.

 

MTH 101: ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS I-Algebra and Trigonometry (3 Units)

Elementary set theory; subset, union, intercept, complements, Venn diagram. Real numbers; integers, rational numbers, mathematical induction, real sequences and series, theory of quadratic equations, binormial theorem. Complex numbers, algebra of complex numbers; the Argand diagram. De Moivre’s theorem; nth roots of unity; circular measures; trigonometric functions of angles and magnitude, addition and factor formulae. Indices and logarithms, matrices and determinants partial fractions.

 

MTH 102: ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS II –Vectors, Geometry and Dynamics (3 Units) Geometric representation of vectors in 1-3 dimensions, components, direction cosines. Addition and scalar, Multiplication of vectors. Differentiation and integration of vectors with respect to a scalar variable. Two dimensional coordinate geometry. Straight lines, circles, parabola, ellipse, hypernola, tangents, normal. Kinematics of a particle. Components of velocity and acceleration of a particle moving in a plane. Force, momentum, laws of motion under gravity, projectiles, resisted vertical motion, elastic string, simple pendulum impulse, impact of two smooth-spheres and of a sphere on a smooth sphere. Vector equations, lines and planes.

 

MTH 103:  ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS III-Calculus (2 Units)

Function of a real variable, graphs, limits, and idea of continuity. The derivative as limit or rate of change. Techniques of differentiation. Extreme curve sketching. Integration as an inverse of differentiation. Methods of integration, definite integrals. Application to areas, volumes applications to moments of inertia and lengths of arcs.

 

PHY 101: GENERAL PHYSICS I. MECHANICS (3 UNITS)

Linear motion, motion in a circle and Simple Harmonic Motion. Gravitation, Statics and hydrostatics, elasticity, friction, viscosity and surface tension. Heat, temperature, thermometers. Expansion of solids, liquid and gases. The gas laws, change of state, kinetic theory of matter. Heat transfer.

 

PHY 102: GENERAL PHYSICS II: ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM (3 UNITS)

Electrostatics, conductors and currents: dielectric: Magnetic fields and induction; Maxwell’s equation: Electromagnetic oscillations and waves applications

 

PHY 103: GENERAL PHYSICS III ( 3 UNITS)

Molecular treatment of the properties of matter. Elasticity: Hooke’s law Young’s shear and bulk moduli. Hydrostatics: Pressure: Buoyancy: Archimedes. Principle. Hydrodynamics: Stuamlinesbernoulis and continuity equations; turbulence: Reynold’s number. Viscosity; laminar flow; Poiseuille’s equation. Surface tension: adhesion, cohesional capillary; drops and bubbles. Temperature; the zeroth law of thermodynamics; heat gas law; laws of thermodynamics; kenetic theory of gases; Applications

 

PHY 107: GENERAL PHYSICS LABORATORY (1 UNITS)

Quantitative measurements, the treatment of measure errors and graphical analysis. Readings and repeated readings, best value, mistake, discrepancy. Readings and repeated readings, best value, mistake, descripancy, systematic errors; Use of the mean reliability measurements. Accuracy and precision. A variety of experimental techniques in mechniques and properties of matter and heat will be employed. The experiments include studies of metere, mechanical system, mechanical resonant system, heat, viscosity etc. covered in PHY 101, 102 & 103.

 

PHY 108: GENERAL PHYSICS LABORATORY II (1 UNITS)

A continuation of the treatment of experimental errors and analysis, mean square error, standard deviation. Sample and set standard error-meaning and uses. Frequency distribution. Histogram and frequency-data curve. Least square errors and curve-fitting. The experiments will cover topics. Waves and electricity involving the use of moving coil meters and the oscilloscope.

 

MCB 101: INTRODUCTION TO MICROBIOLOGY (2 UNITS)

History and development of Microbiology; Pure culture and media; Principles of sterilization, problem of infectivity, Fundamental principle of life.

 

 

BIO 205: INTRODUCTORY DEVELOPMENTAL CELL BIOLOGY (3 UNITS)

History and present trends in cell biology. Reproduction and cell division, differentiation and growth. Details of structure and functions of cellular constituents, mitochondria, chloroplasts, ribosomes, golgi complex, and lysosomes microfilaments, microtubules, cell coatings, etc. Cell theory and levels of organization. Nucleic acid, protein structure and synthesis. Enzymes, plant tissues types, animal tissue  types organs and organ systems.

 

ZOO 201: LOWER INVERTEBRATES (2 UNITS)

Outlines treatment of the protozoan and lower metazoan groups. Basic features of the protozos. Sponges, coelenterates, nematoda, platyhelminthes, etc. Classification and evolution, any relations within and between different phyla.

 

MCB 201: GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Systematic classification of bacteria, fungi, viruses, etc. Microbial variation and heredity, biological and biochemical reactions of micro-organism.

 

BIO 201: GENETIC 1 (2 UNITS)

Hereditable and non-hereditable characteristics, probability and tests of goodness of fit. Quantitative inheritance, variation in genous structure, introduction to population genetics.

 

BIO 202: INTRODUCTION TO ECOLOGY (2 UNITS)

Concept and definitions of ecosystems in relation to animals and plants. Established relationships.

 

ZOO 204: CELL BIOLOGY AND HISTOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Principles of histogenesis, from generation in biological structures. Environmental influence on cell association and histogenesis. Basic tissue types and histology of the major organ systems.

 

BIO 203: GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY (2 UNITS)

Physical and chemical processes in animal and plant physiology.

 

BIO 204: BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY TECHNIQUES I (3 UNITS)

Microscopes: types- sample and compound microscopes. Range setting and illustration. Care and use of dissecting microscopes. Use of storage and ocular micrometer. Care and use of dissecting lens and microscopes. Collection, preparation, transportation, maintenance and preservation of biological specimens animal and plant materials.

Fixatives: Types and function of fixatives for plant and animal tissues

Tissue processing

Microtomy. Types, use and care of microtomes. Honing, stopping and storage of microtome knives. Cutting of paraffin sections, frozen sections and cryostat section.

Adhessive- types and preparation, methods of attachement of section to slides.

Stains and staining Techniques and histochemistry methods. Theory and application of stains; the functions of dyes and impregnation, principal stains including natural and synthetic stains, principles of mewthods for histochemistry, Haematological and Serological Techniques: Blood: types of blood cells, structures, characteristics and formation; plasma and serum, immunoglobins (anti-bodies), antigen-antibody reactions.

Collection of blood sample and labeling. Making of smears and staining, haemoglobin estimation, packed cell volume estimation, and the significance of blood group.

 

PST 202: SEEDLESS PLANTS (2 UNITS)

Morphology and reproduction of algae, bryophytes and pteridophytes including fossils.

 

PST 203 SEED PLANT ( 2 UNITS)

Morphology and reproduction of seed plants

 

CHM 211: ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II (2 UNITS)

Factors affecting structure and physical properties of organic compounds; factors availability of electronic stereochemistry. Methane, energy of activation and free radical substitution reactions in alkanes. Functional group chemistry. Electrophonic and nucleophillic substitution reactions. Aromatically various organic reactions e.g. addition, free radical, elimination reactions, etc.

 

CS 201: COMPUTER PROGRAMMING II (4 UNITS)                                  

Principle of good programming, Structured programming concepts, debugging and testing, string processing, Internal searching and sorting, data structures, Recursion. Use of programming language and linkages assembler. Construction interpretive routines.

 

ZOO 202: COELOMATE INVERTEBRATES (2 UNITS)

Organization and Ecology of the higher metazoan groups.

 

ZOO 203: CHORDATES (2 UNITS)

Systematic study of the living vertebrates.

 

BIO 301: GENETICS II (3 UNITS)

Chemical nature of genes. Mutations, protein synthesis. The genetic code and verification of the code. Multiple levels. Transcription. Action of the total genotype. Genetic modification of organisms. Aspect of human genetics and plant breeding, pedigree analysis. Further consideration of various deviations from basic principles. Gene interaction.

 

PST 301. PLANT TAXONOMY (3 Credits)

Taxonomy and its significance. Principles and concepts in plant taxonomy. Construction and use of taxonomic keys. Experimental taxonomy with special emphasis on cyto-taxonomy and chemotaxonomy.

 

BST 311: INDUSTRIAL FIELD COURSE I (1 UNIT)

Sampling techniques in local habitats. Applied plant anatomy in Afforestation, horticulture and biotechnology. Assessment by report.

BST 303: GENERAL CYTOLOGY (2 UNITS)

Detailed study of cells and tissues. Investment, nervous, digestive, cadocric, respiratory, excretory and circulatory organs/systems.

Light, phase-contrast, dark field and electron microscopy, auto-radiography, florescence. Cell cycle, introductory cytogenetics.

 

BST 304: GENERAL ECOLOGY (3 UNITS)

The ecosystem approach to the study of ecology, energy flow and nutrients/materials cycling. Food chains and food webs. Pyramid of numbers. Tropic levels, ecosystem productivity, dynamics of populations and communities in the ecosystem. Succession influence of man.

 

BST 306: GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY (3 UNITS)

The concept and principles of homeostasis. A general study of osmoregulation, excretion, respiration, transport homoeostasis. Nervous, hormonal and other coordination mechanisms in animals. Plant-water relations. Growth and growth regulation physiological aspects of crop yield.

BST 305: GENERAL ENTOMOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Evolution and systematic of insects. Insects structure – and function with particular emphasis on the insect integument, antennae, mouth parts and legs including functional modifications of these parts. Life history-moulting, methods of locomotion in insects. Feeding and modification of mouth parts, digestive, excretory reproductive systems in insects. Insects of economic importance. The success of insects. Insects pests and control methods. Insect collection methods, identification and preservation techniques.

 

BST 314: BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY TECHNIQUES AND PRACTICE (2 UNITS)

    1. Preparation of physiological salt solutions and buffer solutions for use in physiology and pharmacology.
    2. Dilution methods of drugs. Aerating systems and temperature control
    3. Surgical instruments, use and care of cartherters, cannulae, respiratory pumps, mercy manometers
    4. The recorders (polygraphs). Care and use of transducers
    5. Recording and measurement of physiological changes
    6. Study of electronic and photoelectric equipment commonly used in laboratories and their applications.
    7. Preparation and measurement of buffer solutions. Buffering of perfusion fluids and other biological fluids.

 

Microbiological Techniques

  1. Equipment: types, use, care and maintenance
  2. Preparation of culture media and the methods used in the culture of micro organisms (agar, broth, etc)
  3. Dangers of infection in handling live cultures of micro organisms
  4. Correct methods of disposal of pathogenic materials
  5. Preparation of materials for sterilization
  6. Culture maintenance
  7. Sterile areas and rooms
  8. Aseptic techniques

 

PST 305: MYCOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Structure life-cycle physiology and classification of fungi. Fungi of economic importance.

 

MCB 301: MICROBIAL GENETICS AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Chemical and physical basis of heredity. Bacterial chromosomes, principles of genetic analysis. Mechanism and nature of variations and recombination: Transformation; conjugation and transduction, plasmids, chromosomal replication and genetic transfer chemical coding and expression of genetic information. Combination in bacterial viruses and eucalyolic protests.

 

BST 301: GENERAL PARASITOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Nature of parasitism, host-parasite relationships and evolution of the parasitic mode of life; advantages and disadvantages of parasitism; host specificity and susceptibility; epidemiology and control of common tropical parasitic infections; transmission of parasites from host  and the role of vectors in the transmission of parasitic diseases.

 

BST 401: POPULATION GENETICS (4 UNITS)

An introductory consideration of mathematics models for the analysis of gene frequencies and genetic variation in populations.

 

BST 408: SOIL ECOLOGY (2 UNITS)

Physical and chemical nature of soil. Setritur organisms. Cyclcing of minerals and nutrient pools.

 

BST 403: CYTOGENETIC OF PLANTS (3 UNITS)

Aspects of cell and nuclear divisions. Morphology and behaviour of chromosomes. Chrosomosal, aberrations and polypidy.

MBT 310: FOOD MICROBIOLOGY (3 UNITS)

The distribution role and significance of micro-organisms in food, intrinsic and extrinsic parameters of foods that affects microbial growth, food spoilage and food microbiological standards. Disease of animals transmissible to man via animal food products.

 

BST 411: PRINCIPLES OF STORAGE ENGINEERING (2 UNITS)

Power of storage machinery. Different types of conveyors their mechanisms. Grain processing and grinding equipment. Grain cleaning and grading equipment. General principles of crop and grain dry, storage and handling structures.

Measuring instruments for crop drying processes. A guide to the major items of equipment used for the application pesticides. Field tests for equipment. Choice of equipment grain dry installations.

 

BST 412: PLANTS AND ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION MONITORING (3 UNITS)

The use of Algae, lichen s, bryophytes and higher plants in monitoring our pollution. The use of Algae as indicators of aquatic pollution. The merits and demerit of using various taxonomic group as indicators. Pesticide toxicology toxic gases and vapours, radioactive materials. Drugs and drugs abuse, aquatic toxicants.

 

BST 413: BIOLOGY OF PESTS OF STORED PRODUCTS AND THEIR CONTROL (3 UNITS)

Invertebrates pests of stored fish, wild life products, meats, tuber root crops, vegetables, fruits, cereals, legumes, leather, and timber, the detailed life cycles, identification of various stages, behavioural pattern and structural adaptations enabling them to act as efficient pests. The effect of environmental conditions on the abundance of invertebrate pest. Vertebrate pests of stored products and the damage they cause. Micro organisms as pest factors which influence or inhibit their continued spread. The effect of storage structure on the biology of pests.

 

BST 415: STORAGE TECHNIQUES (3 UNITS)

This course shall deal with various techniques (traditional and modern) used for the storage of diverse agricultural products with particular emphasis on dry and wet food/food stuffs; principles and method of preservation of food, fish wild life products and crops. Quality of products of storage e.g. degree of ripening, physical biological and chemical characteristics of the major stored products pests methods of control. Pests of stored timber. Selected diseases tubers, root crops, cereals, legumes, vegetables and fruits and the microbiological deterioration of these stored products pre and post harvest average techniques under different ecological and climatic conditions. Residue analysis of the common insecticides and fungicides used for the protection of the stored products.

 

MBT 318: MICROBIAL ECOLOGY (2 UNITS)

Microbes and ecological theory. Physiological, morphological and genetic adaptations of microorganisms to their environment. Microbial interactions; microorganisms in natural ecosystems. The life of microorganisms in air, springs, rivers, lakes and seas. Cycling of elements in water and sediments.

 

BST 502: APPLIED STORAGE TECHNIQUES (3 UNITS)

This course shall involve a lot of practical and field practical on stored products protection and preservation including spraying, dusting fumigation and smoking. Formulation and applications of insecticides and fungicides for controlling storage products, pests and diseases. Prevention of storage loses and assessment of damage and crop loses practical survey, design and construction of storage facilities for tubers and root products, grains, fungi and vegetables. Students shall assist farmers, visit food mills, bakeries canning factories and other food processing plants as well as cooperative societies involved in controlling stored products pests. Quality control, facilities for transporting stored food products.

 

BST 506: FOOD AND STORAGE CHEMISTRY (3 UNITS)

Proximate analysis of food e.g. determination of moisture content, total ash, crude protein, amino acids, carbohydrates and lipids. Quality control tests in stored foods e.g. floatation, staining test objective and subjective tests. Organoleptic properties of foods. Food enzymes e.g. classification uses, action and factors affecting enzyme action. The chemistry of action of insecticides.

BST 507: VECTOR AND PESTS MANAGEMENT (3 UNITS)

Vectors and pests of economic importance e.g. insects, mites, mollusks, birds rodents, etc, a study of some of the problems they pose in West Africa crops and vegetables, really bugs/capsides on three crops. Causes of pest outbreak the pest management concept. The use of pesticides and chemical in pest control e.g. insecticides and problem associated with their use. Mechanisms of action of pesticides and antimicrobial agents. Lethal dose factors (LD50). Biological control the use of parasitoids and predators, microbial control-types of insect pathogens and conditions affecting their effectiveness against-insects, autocidal methods of control-types and use of pheromones, sterile male release techniques insect plant interaction, selection mechanisms of host plant resistance. Cultural control methods in West African integrated control methods in West Africa.

 

BST 508: APPLIED VECTORS AND PESTS MANAGEMENT (3 UNITS)

This course shall particularly emphasize practical or field demonstrations and experiments on management of vectors and pests of economic importance in West Africa. Detailed study of the biology of vectors of animal diseases and their control e.g. mosquitoes, tse-tsefly, blackfly, housefly, sandfly, fly, practical demonstration of their control in their productive habitats where possible. Invertebrate vectors of plants diseases and their control e.g. Aphids, Scale insects. Mollusks as agricultural pests crop trees and their pests. Practical control of pests of farmland e.g. grasshoppers in waste land/abandoned farmland/college farm. Equipment used in vectors and pests control and their practical methods used in various research/storage institutions and agricultural development schemes for the control of pests.

 

BST 509: APPLIED PARASITOLOGY I (3 UNITS)

Parasite nutrition nature of interferes between associating organisms. Gross and cytopathology of parasites vertebrate defensive responses to parasites to include principles of serology and immunology in specific general of parasites of economic importance. Counter measure to vertebrate defense. Immunization method is against major.

 

MBT 502: FOOD PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION (3 UNITS)

Principles and practices of food processing. Techniques of processing and preservation of Nigerian foods with regards to their physical-chemical properties. Canning containers, outline of canning operation, principal spoilage organisms in canned foods. Use of radiations in food preservation. Insect contaminants as spoilage organisms. Laboratory examination of canned foods. Methods of detecting contaminants in foods.

 

BST 514: SYSTEMATIC BIOLOGY (3 UNITS)

A bio-systematic approach to the classification of organisms and nomenclature. classical experimental and numerical taxonomy. Herbarium methods and organization.

 

BST 512: BIOLOGICAL TECHNIQUES III (3 UNITS]

Laboratory animal technology and aquarium/vivarium management

The cruelty to animals Act, 1876

An understanding of the legal requirements covering the management of experimental animals. Licenses and certification.

The conditions attached to every license. Administration of the Act

Inspectors; recording of experiments; visitors to experimental areas

Routine care of common species and of the Rhesus Monkey

Methods of feeding and watering

Bedding and nesting materials

Cleaning of cages, equipment and premises

Environmental; temperature and humidity and the option

Recommended for various species

Inspection for injuries, including sore hocks and ever grown

Teeth and claws

Normal body temperature

Ill-health in the common species

An elementary knowledge of the causes of ill-health

Recognition of the signs of ill health, e.g. loss of weight

Condition, respiratory infections, infestations

Breeding of the common species

Recognition of good breeding animals

Elementary knowledge of estrous cycles gestation periods

Average birth, weaning and adult body weights

Selection of good breeding stock

Duration of economic breeding life

Breeding systems; mating at post-partum estrous; monogamous

Pairs and colonies; inbreeding and random breeding

Title: Practical

2.              Practical topics from LAT 125

3.              Handling and sexing of laboratory animals

4.              Determination of age and body weight

5.              Principles of spring, beam and torsion balances

6.              The use and care of animal and food balances

 

Sources of specimens. Fixing, preservation and embalming of bodies, the techniques of dissection and finishing, injection techniques. Demonstrating lymphatic vessels and maceration.

 

BST 402: ECONOMIC BOTANY (3 UNITS)

Introduction to the plant kingdom, plant and the ancient man; basic plant taxonomy plants as sources of food, beverages, species, essential oils, fibres, gums, fumiforces, drugs, resins and dyes, medicinal plants and their uses, edible mushrooms and their cultivation, plants as ornaments.

 

BST 505 FOOD ANALYSIS (2 UNITS)

Sampling and treatment for analysis-proximate analysis of Analysis of – sugar and fruit products; Milk and diary products; Flesh food; Fermented products (beer, wine, vinegar); Flour and confectionary, and Oil valerancidity.

Course Outlines

BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE TECHNIQUES OPTION

200 LEVEL

FIRST SEMESTER

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNIT

BIO 201

Genetics I (PST)

2

BIO 202

Introductory Ecology (Z)

2

SLT 201

Technical Drawing

1

PST 202

Seedless Plants (PST)

2

Z00 201

Lower Invertebrates

2

BIO 204

Biological Techniques I

3

CHM 211

Organic Chemistry II

2

CS 201

Computer Programming

4

GST 101

Use of English

4

GST103

Nigerian People’s Culture

2

GST104

History and Philosophy of Science

2

GST 223

Entrepreneurial Studies

2

Total

28

Electives

CHM 213

Analytical Chemistry

2

MCB 201

General Microbiology

3

SECOND SEMESTER

ZOO 204

Cell Biology and Histology (Z)

2

STA BIO 204

Statistics for Biological Sciences

4

BIO 203

General Physiology (Z)

2

SLT 202

Hazards and Safety in the Laboratory

2

BIO 205

Introductory Developmental/Cell Biology(PST/Z)

3

PST 203

Seed Plants (PST)

2

GST 222

Peace and Conflict Studies

2

GST102

Philosophy and Logic

2

Total

19

Total Credit Load

47

300 LEVEL

FIRST SEMESTER

BIO 301

Genetics II (PST)

3

BST 313

Basic principles in Botany

3

BST 303

General Cytology

3

BST 311

Industrial Field Course I

1

PST 305

Mycology (PST)

3

BST 305

General Entomology

3

BIO 311

General biochemistry I (PST)

3

MCB 301

Microbial Genetics and Molecular Biology

3

PST 301

Plant Taxonomy

3

Total

25

     

SECOND SEMESTER

BST 306

General Physiology II

3

BST 304

General Ecology

3

MBT 310

Food Microbiology

3

SLT 310

Research Methods

2

MBT 318

Microbial Ecology

2

BST 301

General Parasitology

3

BST 314

Biological Techniques II

2

Total

18

 

43

Elective

MBT 311

Fermentation Technology

2

BST 316

Introductory Taxonomy & Techniques

2

Total Credit Load

 

47

     
     

                                                                          400 LEVEL

FIRST SEMESTER

BST 401

Population Genetics

3

BST 413

Biology of Pests of Stored Products

3

BST 415

Storage Techniques

2

BST 411

Principles of Storage Engineering

2

BST 403

Cytogenetics of Plants

3

BIO 411

General Biochemistry II (PST)

3

BST 408

Soil Ecology

3

SLT 411

Laboratory Organization and Management I

3

BST 412

Plant and Environmental Pollution Monitoring

3

BST 402

Economic Botany

3

Total

28

SECOND SEMESTER

SLT 499

Industrial Training (SIWES)

6

Total Credit Load

 

34

                                                                     500 LEVEL

FIRST  SEMESTER

SLT 501

Photography and Illustrations

3

SLT 599

Research Project

6

BST 507

Vectors and Pest Management

3

BST 506

Food and Storage Chemistry

3

BST 512

Biological Techniques III

3

BST 514

Systematic Biology

3

Total

21

SECOND SEMESTER

MBT 502

Food Processing

3

SLT 503

Seminar

2

SLT 508

Laboratory  Organization and Management II

3

BST 509

Applied Parasitology

3

BST 508

Applied Vector and Pest Management

3

BST 502

Applied Storage Techniques

3

BST 505

Food Analysis

2

BIO 414

Molecular Biology (PST)

3

Total

22

Total Credit Load

43

BSc. SCIENCE LABORATORY TECHNOLOGY

BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES TECHNIQUES

 

COURSES DESCRIPTION

 

BIO 205: INTRODUCTORY DEVELOPMENTAL CELL BIOLOGY (3 UNITS)

History and present trends in cell biology. Reproduction and cell division, differentiation and growth. Details of structure and functions of cellular constituents, mitochondria, chloroplasts, ribosomes, golgi complex, and lysosomes microfilaments, microtubules, cell coatings, etc. Cell theory and levels of organization. Nucleic acid, protein structure and synthesis. Enzymes, plant tissues types, animal tissue  types organs and organ systems.

 

ZOO 201: LOWER INVERTEBRATES (2 UNITS)

Outlines treatment of the protozoan and lower metazoan groups. Basic features of the protozos. Sponges, coelenterates, nematoda, platyhelminthes, etc. Classification and evolution, any relations within and between different phyla.

 

MCB 201: GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Systematic classification of bacteria, fungi, viruses, etc. Microbial variation and heredity, biological and biochemical reactions of micro-organism.

 

BIO 201: GENETIC 1 (2 UNITS)

Hereditable and non-hereditable characteristics, probability and tests of goodness of fit. Quantitative inheritance, variation in genous structure, introduction to population genetics.

 

BIO 202: INTRODUCTION TO ECOLOGY (2 UNITS)

Concept and definitions of ecosystems in relation to animals and plants. Established relationships.

 

ZOO 204: CELL BIOLOGY AND HISTOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Principles of histogenesis, from generation in biological structures. Environmental influence on cell association and histogenesis. Basic tissue types and histology of the major organ systems.

 

BIO 203: GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY (2 UNITS)

Physical and chemical processes in animal and plant physiology.

 

BIO 204: BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY TECHNIQUES I (3 UNITS)

Microscopes: types- sample and compound microscopes. Range setting and illustration. Care and use of dissecting microscopes. Use of storage and ocular micrometer. Care and use of dissecting lens and microscopes. Collection, preparation, transportation, maintenance and preservation of biological specimens animal and plant materials.

Fixatives: Types and function of fixatives for plant and animal tissues

Tissue processing

Microtomy. Types, use and care of microtomes. Honing, stopping and storage of microtome knives. Cutting of paraffin sections, frozen sections and cryostat section.

Adhessive- types and preparation, methods of attachement of section to slides.

Stains and staining Techniques and histochemistry methods. Theory and application of stains; the functions of dyes and impregnation, principal stains including natural and synthetic stains, principles of mewthods for histochemistry, Haematological and Serological Techniques: Blood: types of blood cells, structures, characteristics and formation; plasma and serum, immunoglobins (anti-bodies), antigen-antibody reactions.

Collection of blood sample and labeling. Making of smears and staining, haemoglobin estimation, packed cell volume estimation, and the significance of blood group.

 

PST 202: SEEDLESS PLANTS (2 UNITS)

Morphology and reproduction of algae, bryophytes and pteridophytes including fossils.

 

PST 203 SEED PLANT ( 2 UNITS)

Morphology and reproduction of seed plants

 

CHM 211: ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II (2 UNITS)

Factors affecting structure and physical properties of organic compounds; factors availability of electronic stereochemistry. Methane, energy of activation and free radical substitution reactions in alkanes. Functional group chemistry. Electrophonic and nucleophillic substitution reactions. Aromatically various organic reactions e.g. addition, free radical, elimination reactions, etc.

 

CS 201: COMPUTER PROGRAMMING II (4 UNITS)                                  

Principle of good programming, Structured programming concepts, debugging and testing, string processing, Internal searching and sorting, data structures, Recursion. Use of programming language and linkages assembler. Construction interpretive routines.

 

ZOO 202: COELOMATE INVERTEBRATES (2 UNITS)

Organization and Ecology of the higher metazoan groups.

 

ZOO 203: CHORDATES (2 UNITS)

Systematic study of the living vertebrates.

 

BIO 301: GENETICS II (3 UNITS)

Chemical nature of genes. Mutations, protein synthesis. The genetic code and verification of the code. Multiple levels. Transcription. Action of the total genotype. Genetic modification of organisms. Aspect of human genetics and plant breeding, pedigree analysis. Further consideration of various deviations from basic principles. Gene interaction.

 

PST 301. PLANT TAXONOMY (3 Credits)

Taxonomy and its significance. Principles and concepts in plant taxonomy. Construction and use of taxonomic keys. Experimental taxonomy with special emphasis on cyto-taxonomy and chemotaxonomy.

 

BST 311: INDUSTRIAL FIELD COURSE I (1 UNIT)

Sampling techniques in local habitats. Applied plant anatomy in Afforestation, horticulture and biotechnology. Assessment by report.

BST 303: GENERAL CYTOLOGY (2 UNITS)

Detailed study of cells and tissues. Investment, nervous, digestive, cadocric, respiratory, excretory and circulatory organs/systems.

Light, phase-contrast, dark field and electron microscopy, auto-radiography, florescence. Cell cycle, introductory cytogenetics.

 

BST 304: GENERAL ECOLOGY (3 UNITS)

The ecosystem approach to the study of ecology, energy flow and nutrients/materials cycling. Food chains and food webs. Pyramid of numbers. Tropic levels, ecosystem productivity, dynamics of populations and communities in the ecosystem. Succession influence of man.

 

BST 306: GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY (3 UNITS)

The concept and principles of homeostasis. A general study of osmoregulation, excretion, respiration, transport homoeostasis. Nervous, hormonal and other coordination mechanisms in animals. Plant-water relations. Growth and growth regulation physiological aspects of crop yield.

BST 305: GENERAL ENTOMOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Evolution and systematic of insects. Insects structure – and function with particular emphasis on the insect integument, antennae, mouth parts and legs including functional modifications of these parts. Life history-moulting, methods of locomotion in insects. Feeding and modification of mouth parts, digestive, excretory reproductive systems in insects. Insects of economic importance. The success of insects. Insects pests and control methods. Insect collection methods, identification and preservation techniques.

 

BST 314: BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY TECHNIQUES AND PRACTICE (2 UNITS)

    1. Preparation of physiological salt solutions and buffer solutions for use in physiology and pharmacology.
    2. Dilution methods of drugs. Aerating systems and temperature control
    3. Surgical instruments, use and care of cartherters, cannulae, respiratory pumps, mercy manometers
    4. The recorders (polygraphs). Care and use of transducers
    5. Recording and measurement of physiological changes
    6. Study of electronic and photoelectric equipment commonly used in laboratories and their applications.
    7. Preparation and measurement of buffer solutions. Buffering of perfusion fluids and other biological fluids.

 

Microbiological Techniques

  1. Equipment: types, use, care and maintenance
  2. Preparation of culture media and the methods used in the culture of micro organisms (agar, broth, etc)
  3. Dangers of infection in handling live cultures of micro organisms
  4. Correct methods of disposal of pathogenic materials
  5. Preparation of materials for sterilization
  6. Culture maintenance
  7. Sterile areas and rooms
  8. Aseptic techniques

 

PST 305: MYCOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Structure life-cycle physiology and classification of fungi. Fungi of economic importance.

 

MCB 301: MICROBIAL GENETICS AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Chemical and physical basis of heredity. Bacterial chromosomes, principles of genetic analysis. Mechanism and nature of variations and recombination: Transformation; conjugation and transduction, plasmids, chromosomal replication and genetic transfer chemical coding and expression of genetic information. Combination in bacterial viruses and eucalyolic protests.

 

BST 301: GENERAL PARASITOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Nature of parasitism, host-parasite relationships and evolution of the parasitic mode of life; advantages and disadvantages of parasitism; host specificity and susceptibility; epidemiology and control of common tropical parasitic infections; transmission of parasites from host  and the role of vectors in the transmission of parasitic diseases.

 

BST 401: POPULATION GENETICS (4 UNITS)

An introductory consideration of mathematics models for the analysis of gene frequencies and genetic variation in populations.

 

BST 408: SOIL ECOLOGY (2 UNITS)

Physical and chemical nature of soil. Setritur organisms. Cyclcing of minerals and nutrient pools.

 

BST 403: CYTOGENETIC OF PLANTS (3 UNITS)

Aspects of cell and nuclear divisions. Morphology and behaviour of chromosomes. Chrosomosal, aberrations and polypidy.

MBT 310: FOOD MICROBIOLOGY (3 UNITS)

The distribution role and significance of micro-organisms in food, intrinsic and extrinsic parameters of foods that affects microbial growth, food spoilage and food microbiological standards. Disease of animals transmissible to man via animal food products.

 

BST 411: PRINCIPLES OF STORAGE ENGINEERING (2 UNITS)

Power of storage machinery. Different types of conveyors their mechanisms. Grain processing and grinding equipment. Grain cleaning and grading equipment. General principles of crop and grain dry, storage and handling structures.

Measuring instruments for crop drying processes. A guide to the major items of equipment used for the application pesticides. Field tests for equipment. Choice of equipment grain dry installations.

 

BST 412: PLANTS AND ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION MONITORING (3 UNITS)

The use of Algae, lichen s, bryophytes and higher plants in monitoring our pollution. The use of Algae as indicators of aquatic pollution. The merits and demerit of using various taxonomic group as indicators. Pesticide toxicology toxic gases and vapours, radioactive materials. Drugs and drugs abuse, aquatic toxicants.

 

BST 413: BIOLOGY OF PESTS OF STORED PRODUCTS AND THEIR CONTROL (3 UNITS)

Invertebrates pests of stored fish, wild life products, meats, tuber root crops, vegetables, fruits, cereals, legumes, leather, and timber, the detailed life cycles, identification of various stages, behavioural pattern and structural adaptations enabling them to act as efficient pests. The effect of environmental conditions on the abundance of invertebrate pest. Vertebrate pests of stored products and the damage they cause. Micro organisms as pest factors which influence or inhibit their continued spread. The effect of storage structure on the biology of pests.

 

BST 415: STORAGE TECHNIQUES (3 UNITS)

This course shall deal with various techniques (traditional and modern) used for the storage of diverse agricultural products with particular emphasis on dry and wet food/food stuffs; principles and method of preservation of food, fish wild life products and crops. Quality of products of storage e.g. degree of ripening, physical biological and chemical characteristics of the major stored products pests methods of control. Pests of stored timber. Selected diseases tubers, root crops, cereals, legumes, vegetables and fruits and the microbiological deterioration of these stored products pre and post harvest average techniques under different ecological and climatic conditions. Residue analysis of the common insecticides and fungicides used for the protection of the stored products.

 

MBT 318: MICROBIAL ECOLOGY (2 UNITS)

Microbes and ecological theory. Physiological, morphological and genetic adaptations of microorganisms to their environment. Microbial interactions; microorganisms in natural ecosystems. The life of microorganisms in air, springs, rivers, lakes and seas. Cycling of elements in water and sediments.

 

BST 502: APPLIED STORAGE TECHNIQUES (3 UNITS)

This course shall involve a lot of practical and field practical on stored products protection and preservation including spraying, dusting fumigation and smoking. Formulation and applications of insecticides and fungicides for controlling storage products, pests and diseases. Prevention of storage loses and assessment of damage and crop loses practical survey, design and construction of storage facilities for tubers and root products, grains, fungi and vegetables. Students shall assist farmers, visit food mills, bakeries canning factories and other food processing plants as well as cooperative societies involved in controlling stored products pests. Quality control, facilities for transporting stored food products.

 

BST 506: FOOD AND STORAGE CHEMISTRY (3 UNITS)

Proximate analysis of food e.g. determination of moisture content, total ash, crude protein, amino acids, carbohydrates and lipids. Quality control tests in stored foods e.g. floatation, staining test objective and subjective tests. Organoleptic properties of foods. Food enzymes e.g. classification uses, action and factors affecting enzyme action. The chemistry of action of insecticides.

BST 507: VECTOR AND PESTS MANAGEMENT (3 UNITS)

Vectors and pests of economic importance e.g. insects, mites, mollusks, birds rodents, etc, a study of some of the problems they pose in West Africa crops and vegetables, really bugs/capsides on three crops. Causes of pest outbreak the pest management concept. The use of pesticides and chemical in pest control e.g. insecticides and problem associated with their use. Mechanisms of action of pesticides and antimicrobial agents. Lethal dose factors (LD50). Biological control the use of parasitoids and predators, microbial control-types of insect pathogens and conditions affecting their effectiveness against-insects, autocidal methods of control-types and use of pheromones, sterile male release techniques insect plant interaction, selection mechanisms of host plant resistance. Cultural control methods in West African integrated control methods in West Africa.

 

BST 508: APPLIED VECTORS AND PESTS MANAGEMENT (3 UNITS)

This course shall particularly emphasize practical or field demonstrations and experiments on management of vectors and pests of economic importance in West Africa. Detailed study of the biology of vectors of animal diseases and their control e.g. mosquitoes, tse-tsefly, blackfly, housefly, sandfly, fly, practical demonstration of their control in their productive habitats where possible. Invertebrate vectors of plants diseases and their control e.g. Aphids, Scale insects. Mollusks as agricultural pests crop trees and their pests. Practical control of pests of farmland e.g. grasshoppers in waste land/abandoned farmland/college farm. Equipment used in vectors and pests control and their practical methods used in various research/storage institutions and agricultural development schemes for the control of pests.

 

BST 509: APPLIED PARASITOLOGY I (3 UNITS)

Parasite nutrition nature of interferes between associating organisms. Gross and cytopathology of parasites vertebrate defensive responses to parasites to include principles of serology and immunology in specific general of parasites of economic importance. Counter measure to vertebrate defense. Immunization method is against major.

 

MBT 502: FOOD PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION (3 UNITS)

Principles and practices of food processing. Techniques of processing and preservation of Nigerian foods with regards to their physical-chemical properties. Canning containers, outline of canning operation, principal spoilage organisms in canned foods. Use of radiations in food preservation. Insect contaminants as spoilage organisms. Laboratory examination of canned foods. Methods of detecting contaminants in foods.

 

BST 514: SYSTEMATIC BIOLOGY (3 UNITS)

A bio-systematic approach to the classification of organisms and nomenclature. classical experimental and numerical taxonomy. Herbarium methods and organization.

 

BST 512: BIOLOGICAL TECHNIQUES III (3 UNITS]

Laboratory animal technology and aquarium/vivarium management

The cruelty to animals Act, 1876

An understanding of the legal requirements covering the management of experimental animals. Licenses and certification.

The conditions attached to every license. Administration of the Act

Inspectors; recording of experiments; visitors to experimental areas

Routine care of common species and of the Rhesus Monkey

Methods of feeding and watering

Bedding and nesting materials

Cleaning of cages, equipment and premises

Environmental; temperature and humidity and the option

Recommended for various species

Inspection for injuries, including sore hocks and ever grown

Teeth and claws

Normal body temperature

Ill-health in the common species

An elementary knowledge of the causes of ill-health

Recognition of the signs of ill health, e.g. loss of weight

Condition, respiratory infections, infestations

Breeding of the common species

Recognition of good breeding animals

Elementary knowledge of estrous cycles gestation periods

Average birth, weaning and adult body weights

Selection of good breeding stock

Duration of economic breeding life

Breeding systems; mating at post-partum estrous; monogamous

Pairs and colonies; inbreeding and random breeding

Title: Practical

2.              Practical topics from LAT 125

3.              Handling and sexing of laboratory animals

4.              Determination of age and body weight

5.              Principles of spring, beam and torsion balances

6.              The use and care of animal and food balances

 

Sources of specimens. Fixing, preservation and embalming of bodies, the techniques of dissection and finishing, injection techniques. Demonstrating lymphatic vessels and maceration.

 

BST 402: ECONOMIC BOTANY (3 UNITS)

Introduction to the plant kingdom, plant and the ancient man; basic plant taxonomy plants as sources of food, beverages, species, essential oils, fibres, gums, fumiforces, drugs, resins and dyes, medicinal plants and their uses, edible mushrooms and their cultivation, plants as ornaments.

 

BST 505 FOOD ANALYSIS (2 UNITS)

Sampling and treatment for analysis-proximate analysis of Analysis of – sugar and fruit products; Milk and diary products; Flesh food; Fermented products (beer, wine, vinegar); Flour and confectionary, and Oil valerancidity.

Course Outline

CHEMICAL PETROLEUM TECHNIQUEs OPTION

200 LEVEL

 

FIRST SEMESTER

 

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNITS

CPT 201

Thermodynamics

3

MEE 201

Engineering Mechanics I

3

CHM 210

Physical chemistry

2

CHM 211

Organic chemistry

3

CS 201

Computer Programming I

4

SLT 201

Technical Drawing

1

PHY 207

Experimental Physics I

1

GST 104

History and Philosophy Science

2

GST 103

Nigerian People’s Culture

2

GST 223

Entrepreneurial Studies

2

   

23

 

SECOND SEMESTER

 

CHM 212

Inorganic Chemistry II

2

CHM 213

Analytical Chemistry I

2

CHM 273

Polymer Chemistry

3

PHY 208

Experimental Physics II

1

STA 204

Statistics for Physical Sciences and Engineering

4

SLT 202

Hazards and safety in the Laboratory

2

MTH 201

Mathematical Methods I

3

GST 101

Use of English Language

4

GST 102

Philosophy and Logic

2

GST 222

Peace and Conflict Resolution Studies

2

Total

 

25

Total Credit Load

48

 

300 LEVEL

 

FIRST SEMESTER

 

CHM 301

Physical Chemistry

3

CHM 312

Instrumental Methods of Analysis

3

CHM 375

Colour Textile Chemistry & Technology

2

MEE 305

Heat Transfer

3

CPT 305

Petrochemistry

3

CPT 302

Introduction to Transfer Processes

3

CPT 303

Chemical Reaction Technology I

2

CPT 312

Chemical Engineering Lab I

2

Total

 

21

SECOND SEMESTER

CPT  304

Chemical Reaction Technology II

3

CPT 308

Technology of Fossil Fuel Processing

3

CPT 311

Chemical Technology of Petroleum

3

CPT 306

Mass Transfer

3

CVE 205

Applied Fluid Mechanics

3

CPT 314

Strength of Materials

3

CPT 202

Industrial process calculations

3

SLT 310

Research methods

2

Total

 

23

Elective

   

CPT 317

Geology of Petroleum

2

Total Credit Load

 

46

     
 

400 LEVEL

 

FIRST SEMESTER

CHM 373

Polymer Chemistry II

3

CHM 410

Analytical Chemistry II

3

CPT 413

Technology of Materials

2

CPT 407

Petroleum Production Technology

3

CPT 409

Metallurgy

3

SLT 411

Laboratory Organization and Management I

3

CPT 401

Particulate Mechanics

2

CPT 443

Industrial Management

2

CPT 412

Petroleum Processing & Petrochemistry

3

CPT 344

Applied Electricity & Magnetism

3

Total

 

27

     
     

 

 

SECOND SEMESTER

SLT 499

Industrial Training  (SIWES)

6

Total Credit Load

33

 

 

500 LEVEL

 

 

FIRST SEMESTER

 

 

CPT 501

Environmental Technology

2

 

CPT 502

Process Design

3

 

CPT 509

Pulp and Paper Technology

2

 

CPT 515

Chemical Technology Laboratory I

2

 

SLT 501

Photography and Illustrations

3

 

SLT 599

Research Project

6

 

Total

 

18

 

 

SECOND SEMESTER

 

 

BCT 504

Biochemical Technology

3

 

CPT 503

Process Control

3

 

CPT 505

Process Optimization

2

 

CPT 516

Chemical Technology Laboratory II

3

 

SLT 508

Laboratory Organization and Management II

3

 

SLT 510

Seminar

2

 

Total

 

16

 

   

Electives

   

CHM 473

Polymer Technology

3

Total Credit Load

37

         

 

BSc. SCIENCE LABORATORY TECHNOLOGY

[CHEMICAL/PETROLEUM TECHNIQUES]

 

COURSES DESCRIPTION

 

CPT 201: THERMODYNAMICS

Definition of terms and general concepts of system, surrounding, process, temperature heat, work & energy, First Law of Thermodynamics Application to open systems, Second Law of Thermodynamics Application to heat engines entropy. First and second law combined. Perfect Gasses. Joule Thompson coefficient. Equilibrium processes. Maxwell’s relations two phase system thermodynamic functions of solution P-V-T relationship, Work from Heat energy.

 

MEE 201: ENGINEERING MECHANICS I  [MEE 203 APPLIED MECHANICS ]

Vectors, operations with forces, resultants of coplanar force systems. Resultant of spatial force systems. Equilibrium and coplanar force systems. Centre of gravity, centre of mass. Newton’s laws of motion and their applications, impulse and momentum; Kinematics of a point, composition and resolution of velocities and accelerations relative velocity and acceleration, representation by vectors. Plane Kinematics of rigid body, angular velocity diagrams applied to simple mechanisms instantaneous center of rotation. Equations of motion, linear momentum and moment of momentum. Kinetic energy, moment of inertia. Free vibrations of systems with one and two degrees of freedom including damping-Tensional vibration.

 

CPT 202: INDUSTRIAL PROCESS CALCULATIONS (3 UNITS)

Units and dimensions. Stoichiometry Vaporization Processes. Material balance involving Chemical reactions. Heat balanced; simultaneous heat and mass balances. Unsteady state heat & Mass balances introductory Process Economics.

 

CHM 210: PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY II (2 UNITS)

Kinetic theory of gases, Behaviour of real gases; The laws of thermodynamics; Enthropy and free energy; Reactions and phase equilibria; Reaction rates; Rate laws; Mechanism and theories of elementary processes; photochemical reactions; Basic electrochemistry.

 

CHM 211: ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II (2 UNITS)

[Pre-requisite CHM 102]

Factors affecting structure and physical properties of organic compounds; factors affecting availability of electrons, chemical bonding in carbon compound, bond length, confirmation in acyclic molecules and cyclohexane systems, stereoisomerism. Methane, energy of activation and free radical substitution reactions in alkanes, functional group chemistry, classification of organic reactions, reaction rates, equilibria and transition state theory, reactions of radicals, reaction of neucleophiles, electrophilic addition reaction and aromatic substitutions, reactions of carbonions, Aldol and Claisen reactions, Grignards, organoboranes and witting reactions. The chemistry of lipids.

 

CHM 212: INORGANIC CHEMISTRY II (2 UNITS)

[Pre-requisite CHM 105]

Chemistry of first row transition metals. Introduction to co-ordination chemistry including elementary treatment of crystal field theory. Comparative chemistry of the following (a) Ga, In, Bi, (d) Se, Te, Po. Elementary introduction to organometallic chemistry. Role of Metals in biochemical systems.

 

CHM 213: ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY II (2 UNITS)

[Pre-requisite CHM 101 or 105]

Theory of Errors; Statistical treatment of data; Theory of sampling. Chemical methods of analysis including volumetric, gravimetric and physicochemical methods, optical methods of analysis; separation methods.

CHM 273: POLYMER CHEMISTRY (3 UNITS)

The nature of Polymer nomenclature. Outline of sources of raw materials for polymers; Polymerisation process, condensation polymerisation in details. Solubility and solution properties of polymers. Structure and properties of polymers. Fibre forming polymers.

 

CSC 201: COMPUTER PROGRAMMING I (4 UNITS)

[Pre-requisite CS 101]

Introduction to problem solving methods and algorithim development; designing coding, debugging and documenting programmes using techniques of a good programming language and programming Algorithm development. A widely used programming language should be used in teaching the above.

 

CSC 202: COMPUTER PROGRAMMING II (3 UNITS)

[Pre-requisite CS 101]

Principles of Good programming; structured programming concepts, Debugging and testing, string processing, internal searching and sorting, Date structures, Recursion. Use a programming language different from CS 201.

 

MTH 201: MATHEMATICAL METHODS (3 Units)

Real valued function of a real variable. Review of differentiation and integration and their applications. Mean value theorem. Taylor series. Real-valued functions of two or three variables. Partial derivatives, chain rule, extreme, languages multipliers. Increments, differentials and linear approximations. Evaluation line integral and linear integral.

 

PHY 207: EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS I (1 UNIT)

[Pre-requisite –PHY 103]

Laboratory experiments aimed at the practical applications of the theory of errors in measurement. Fitting a straight line, computation errors, and two-dimensional errors.

 

PHY 208: EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS II (1 UNIT)

[Pre-requisite –PHY 103]

The laboratory course consist of a group of experiments drawn from diverse areas of physics (optics, Electromagnetism, Mechanics, Modern Physics etc). It is accompanied by seminar studies of standard experimental technique and the analysis of famous challenging experiments eg. Michelson’s interferometer. Photoelectric effect. Millikan’s oil drop experiment. Rutherford scattering etc.

                                       

CPT 303: CHEMICAL REACTION TECHNOLOGY I (3 UNITS)

Review of fundamentals of Chemical Thermodynamics and of Chemical kinetics, as would be relevant to reactor design. Homogenous reactions: analysis of constant volume batch reactor and variable-volume batch reactor. Design of single homogenous ideal batch, ideas flow and ideal back-mix flow reactors. Temperature effects on yield and selectivity timer distribution.

 

CPT 304: CHEMICAL REACTION TECHNOLOGY II (3 UNITS)

Heterogeneous reactions: fluid-solids interacting systems. Noncatalytic, and solidcatalysed gas-phase reaction. Tubular reactors-design, equation based on plug flow for isothermal and adiabatic cases. Transport effects, packed bed design. Fluidized and slurry-phase reactors an their uses. Factors affecting choice of reactor Optimization output and yield problems. Condition of stability of reactors. Rate-controlled regime in gas-solid reactions catalyzed by porous catalysts. Scale-up procedure-batch and continuous flow reactors. Economic evaluation and comparison of reactor types.

 

CPT 305: PETROCHEMISTRY (3 UNITS)

Origin of petroleum, exploration technique. Parameters for evaluation (grading), constituents, fractionation and methods of identification. Chemistry of refining processes. Characteristics and uses of refinery products. Economic aspects of crud petroleum, oil pollution and its control.

 

CPT 302: INTRODUCTION TO TRANSFER PROCESSES (3 UNITS)

Basic laws of mass momentum and energy transfer processes and their relationship. Simple problems involving dimensionless groups such as Re, Sc, Pr, Measurement, Calculation & Prediction of Transport coefficient.

 

CPT 306: MASS TRANSFER (3 UNITS)

Review of theories fore prediction of mass coefficients. Application of distillation (Mccable Thiele and Ponolion Savant method) extractive and azeotixpic distillation. Multicomponent distillation gas absorption, liquid/liquid extraction drying, leaching and humidification.

 

CVE 205: APPLIED FLUID MECHANICS (3 UNITS)

Fluid statics; Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids, forces on submerged surfaces. Equations of fluid motion. Flow measurements, forces exerted by flowing fluids, laminar and turbulent flow. Reynolds number flow in pipes and channels, dimensional analysis, one, two or three dimensional steady flows of a comprehensible fluid, critical flow, small amptitude waves, shock waves fluid, machinery.

 

MEE 305: HEAT TRANSFER (3 Units)

Nature of processes of conduction, convection and radiation. Definition of thermal conductivity and heat-transfer coefficients. Conducting through materials with constant and varying heat-transfer areas. Unseady-state conduction: Solution of equations for simplecases. Schmid’s methods Dimentional analysis and heat transfer by convection forced convection inside and outside tubes and tube bundless. Thermal boundary layer. Reynolds analogy and its developments. Heat exchangers – log mean temperature difference in single and multiple pas exchangers; Calculation of heat transfer coefficient. Optimum design.Finned tubes lagging effectgiveness and economic thickness. Radiation Kirchhoffs and Stefan’s lawas. Emissivity. Calculation of net heat exchange between bodies – multiple reflection and net radiation methods. Radiator from gases Heat transfer during condensation of vapours Derivation of Nussel equation Drop – wise and film-wise condensation. Effect of non-condenseble gases. Heat transfer to boiling liquids. Types of boiling and influence condition on heat fluxer and transfer coefficients.

 

CPT 308: TECHNOLOGY OF FOSSIL FUEL PROCESSING (3 UNITS)

The process of formation of Natural gas, oil and coal. Biogas, biofuel and biodiesel of the process of obtaining fropm remains of plants and animals. The technological process of converting/utilizing the fossil fuel and biomass

 

CPT 311: CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY OF PETROLEUM (3 UNIT)

Desalination processes. Atmospheric vacuum distillation of petroleum. True boiling point and equilibrium, flash vaporization curves for petroleum and petroleum fractions. Gasoline stabilization and sweetening. Properties of fuels, octane number, cetsne number etc. hydrocarbon gas purification and separation. LPG production. Gas processing – alkylation and polymerization. Thermal processes – cooking, thermal cracking and pyrolysis. Catalytic reforming and isomerisation.

 

CPT 312: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING LAB I (2 UNITS)

[Practicals to be designed by the institution in line with the syllabus, and materials available]. Petroleum products testing such as; pour point, smoke point, sediments in crude, crude oil distillation, density, API gravity etc.

 

CPT 315: APPLIED ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM (3 UNITS)

Maxwell’s equations and electromagnetic potentials. The wave equation. Propagation of plane waves. Reflection and refraction. Transmission lines, waves guides and resonant cavities; radiation, geometrical optics, interference of waves. Diffraction.

 

CPT 317 : PETROLEUM GEOLOGY  (3 UNITS)

The origin, migration and accumulation of petroleum.  Source rock characteristic, maturation and destruction of petroleum.  Properties of petroleum reservoirs; subsurface and production geology.  Hydrocarbon traps, abnormal pressure.  Exploration methods, evaluation of petroleum potential and reserves.  Reserves and basin classification.  Drilling, competing and production oil and natural gas wells.  Examples of major oil depositions.  Oil deposits in Nigeria.  Oil and geopolitics.

CHM 301: PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY III (3 UNITS)  [ST/CP 301-CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS]

[Pre-requisite CHM 210]

A review of Gibb’s function. Chemical thermodynamics. Introduction statistical thermodynamics. Ideal solutions. Non-ideal solutions. Properties of electrolytes.

 

CHM 312: INSTRUMENTAL METHODS OF ANALYSIS (3 UNITS)

Interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter. Quantitative analysis by absorption of Electromagnetic radiation. Instrumental techniques and applications of X-rays, AAS, NMR, Refractometry, Polarimetry, Colarimetry, Polarography, Colorimetry,, Flame emission spectroscopy, Polarimetry and Fluorimetry. 

 

CHM 375: COLOUR TEXTILE CHEMISTRY AND TECHNOLOGY (2 UNITS)

Colour and constitution. Chemistry, properties of dyes and pigments. Classification of dyes and fibres. Dyeing mechanisms. Preparation and dyeing of natural and synthetic fibres. Colour fastness properties. Wuality control procedures and colouration industry.

 

CHM 376: INDUSTRIAL CHEMICAL TRANSPORT PROCESS (2 UNITS)

Fluid Transport, Fluid energetic and dynamics associated with energy and mass balance inn flow; fluid measurement, conductive and radiative heat. Transport processes. Thermal generation and simple power cycles. Methods of firing of chemical reactors. Low temperature generations.

 

MTH 301: COMPUTER PROGRAMMING II (3 UNITS)

Principles of good programming, structured programming concepts; debugging and testing; strng processing, internal searching and sorting data structures, recursion. Use a programming language different from that in CS 201.

 

CPT 407: PETROLEUM PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Origin of oil, conditions necessary for the accumulation of oil. Drilling, drilling fluids, hole control. Basic petrophysics, measurement of resistivity, porosity and other petrophysical properties. Reserves, measurement and production models of oil reservoirs. Material balances for gas drive, solution drive and water drive fields, elementary oil production engineering.

 

CPT 409: METALLURGY (3 UNITS)

Introduction to Metallurgy. Hardening of metals. Deformation and annealing of metals. Corrosion annealing of metals. Corrosion and oxidation phenomena. Alloy steels. Stainless, creep of metal joining. The measurement of temperature. Electrical and magnetic alloys. Copper and its alloys. Polymers. Aluminum, magnesium and light alloys. Titanium and other new metals.

 

CPT 413: TECHNOLOGY OF MATERIALS (2 UNITS)

Structure of matter. Crystal imperfection. Simple phase diagrams of alloys. Physical properties of materials (i.e. wood, cement, plastics and alloys), mechanical properties of engineering materials. Engineering and true stress-strain curve. Ultimate strength, ductile, impact strength, hardness, torsion, creep and fatigue failure. Electrical properties – conductivity, semi-conductivity and super conductivity. Optical.

 

CHM 406: REACTIONS KINETICS (2 UNITS)

Review of first, second and third order rate equations. Rate constants and equilibrium constants. Collision theory, Transition state theory, reaction co-ordinates. Unimolecular reaction theory, bimolecular reaction mechanisms, chain reaction mechanisms, catalysis and heterogeneous reactions. Photochemical reaction mechanisms 

 

CHM 410: ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY II (3 UNITS)

Solvent extraction and ion exchange methods of separation. Chromatography-paper TLC and HPLC methods of separation. Electrogravimetric method of separation; potentiometry and conductometry; coulometry, voltametry and amperometry, radiochemical methods of separation

CPT 412: PETROLEUM PROCESSING AND PETROCHEMISTRY (3 UNITS)

Origin of crude oil, chemistry and composition of crude oil, classification of crude oil. Distillation process and crude refining, catalytic and thermal cracking, reforming hydrotreating and desulphurization processes. Manufacture of petroleum-based commercially important chemical from methane, ethylene, propylene and butane

 

CHM 473: POLYMER TECHNOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Thermodynamic relationships of polymer solutions, viscosity; manufacture and properties of commercially important polymers-polyolefins, amides, PVC, cellulose polymer processing-compression, blow, injection moulding, extrusion, water soluble polymers. Fibers-sources, classification and uses. Fibre manufacture and processing.

 

CPT 501: ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY (2 UNITS)

Pollution and the environment-definitions and inter-relationships, natural and man-made pollution, the economics of pollution.

Air pollution-gaseous and particulate  pollutants and their sources. Effects on weather; vegetation materials and human health. Legislation relating to air pollution. Methods of control of gaseous emission and destruction, cyclones, inertial, separators, electrostatic precipitators, bag filters, wet washers, etc., dispersal form chimneys and method of calculating chimney height. Flare stacks.

Water pollution-river pollution by industrial effluents. Legislation and standards for effluent discharge. Impurities in natural water and their effects. Brief survey of river ecology and the effects of effluents on the ecosystems. Treatment processes including precipitation, flocculation, coagulation sedimentation, clarification and colour removal. Principles of biological treatment processes. Cost of treatment. Treatment for water re-sue, ion exchange. Cooling water treatment.

Land pollution – Disposal of solid wastes by inclinator and dumping. Possible future trends including conversion of solid wastes into useful materials or energy. Treatment of other types of pollutions-noise, thermal and nuclear pollutions.

CPT 502:  PROCESS DESIGN (3 UNITS)

Presentation and discussion of real process design problems. Block diagrams, process and engineering flow diagrams, process outline charts incorporating method study, and critical examination. Specification of vessels, examples include distillation towers and ancillaries, heat exchangers vapouriser, knock-out vessel Emphasis on conception and invention of processes as well as analysis and economic balance to specify optimum design and operating conditions Discussion of a variety of cases throughout the course.

 

CPT 503: PROCESS CONTROL (3UNITS)

Classical control theory. Transfer function. Time and frequency response stability theory. Root locus method. Control system designs. Instrumentation modern control theory. Observability and controllability modern recheability. State – space analysis. Introductory sampled data analysis. Control of distillation columns, reactors and heat exchangers.

 

CPT 505: PROCESS OPTIMIZATION ENGINEERING (2 UNITS)

Stationary Optimisation: Differential Approach Numerical Approach, linear and non linear programming. Trajectory optimization including dynamic programming, calculus of variation and pontryagin optimum principle Numerical computational techniques including first & second order methods.

Classical control theory. Transfer function, time and frequency response. Stability theory. Root locus method. Control system designs. Instrumentation modern control modern control theory. Observability and controllability modern recheability. State-space analysis. Introductory sampled data analysis. Control  of distillation columns, reactors and heat exchangers. Stationary optimization: Differential Approach Numerical Approach. Liner and non-linear programming. Trajectory optimization including dynamic programming, calculus of variation and pontryagin optimum principle, numerical computational techniques including first and second order methods.

Presentation and discussion of real process design problems. Block diagrams, process and engineering flow diagrams, process outline charts incorporating method study, and critical examination. Specification of vessels, examples include distillation towers and ancillaries, heat exchangers vaporizer, knock-out vessel. Emphasis on conception and invention of processes as well as analyses and economic balance, to specify optimum design and operating conditions. Discussion of a variety of cases throughout the course.

 

CPT 509: PULP AND PAPER TECHNOLOGY (2 UNITS)

Cellulose and hemicellulose-structures and characteristics. Lignin. Pulp wood types and properties. Types of pulping processes – sulphite, alkaline, mechanical, semichemical etc, bleeching fiber preparation, nature of fiber bonding. Sheet formation. Water usage and disposal in pulp and paper industries. Microbiology internal and surface sing. Wet strength, colouring properties of paper. Pigment, coating, printing, laminating and confugating, saturation of paper and paper plastics.

 

CPT 515: CHEMISTRY LABORATORY TECHNOLOGY I (3 UNITS)

Chemical recovery of substances Solvents – (miscible and immiscible, acid contaminated) recipitates cleaning of mercury – by filtration and by distillation. Criteria of purity of organic compounds Explanation of the terms – melting and boiling points.

Construction of melting and boiling point apparatus

Typical determination

Soxhlet techniques – used for the continuous extraction of solid in a hot solvent

Gravimetric techniques – simple treatments only

i)                The principle of gravimetric analysis

ii)               Steps n gravimetric analysis

Preparation of the solution:Precipitation, Digestion, Filtration, Washing, Drying or igniting, Weighing, Calculation, Centrifugation, type of centrifuges, relative force and separating factor. Use, care, and maintenance.

i)                Oxidation – reduction (Redox) titrimetry, primary standard substances used in Redox,  titrimetry solution used in adox titrations, oxidations and reduction equivalent. Permanganate process, General uses of permanganate.

Techniques of preparing and standardizing, Potassium permanganate solution,Storage of permanganate, Dichromate process, Preparations and standardization of potassium, Dichromate solution Iodimetry/iodometry methods .General applications of iodimetry/iodometry preparation and standardization of iodine solution

 

Storage and preservation of thiosulphate solution,Types of indicators and their preparation from Redox titrimetery, Precipitation Titrimetry, Primary standard substances used in precipitation titrimetery prepration, Standardization, and storage nitrate solution.

Types of indicators and their preparation for precipitation titrimetry, pH Measurement, Methods of measuring pH, Colorimetric method (measurement by indicators),(Mention should be made of the lovibond comparator) Electrometric methods (Measurement by electronic meter) Discussion should include the types, construction, use and maintenance of the equipment as well as indicator/ reference electrodes.

 

CPT 516: CHEMISTRY LABORATORY TECHNOLOGY II (3 UNITS)

Buffer solution definition, types and uses. Preparation of buffer solution (acidic and alkaline) of known pH and known molar concentration. Colorimetric and Photoelectric measurement.

Introduction to the nature of radiant energy,The electromagnetic spectrum, The law of absorbance The boguert – Lambert law,The beer’s law Combination of Lambart and Beer’s law, Deviation from Beer’s Lambart law, Visual colorimetry techniques (use of comparators). The duplication (titration) method, The dilution method,The method of balance or variable depth The standard series method, Photoelectric filter photometer,The construction of a single beam filter photometer e.g. EEL. Colorimeter should be described include the principles of operation.

Operational precautions and limitations, Trouble shooting and how to correct them, Examples of the faults often associated with filter photometers are; No matter deflection.

Instrument cannot set zero with blank sample –

Instrument sometimes gives accurate readings

      1. Maintenance of the instrument
  1. Spectrophotometer

Principles of photoelectric spectrophotometry, Treatment of different types of cells and their applications, Types of spectrophotometers – U.V., IR and Visible (examples should include the single beam and double beam spectrophotometers)

g)     Refractometry

Theory, specific and molar refraction. Working principles of a refractometer – e.g. Abbe refractomerter. Applications of refractometric method of analysis

Care of the instrument

  1. Polarimetry, theory equipment – Pracitice
  2. Purification of organic compounds

The principal methods used to purify organic compounds

  1. Crystalisation – (application limited to solids) explanation the process in its simplest form
  1. Choice of solvent
  2. Experimental details for recrystallisation

Use of de-colorizing carbon for the removal of traces of matter and resinous products

  1. Distillation (Application limited to liquids and low melting volatile solids)

i)       Brief theory of distillation, superheating

ii)      Methods of distillation

  1. Distillation of atmospheric pressure

Typical assemblies and technique used

  1. Steam distillation – typical assemblies and techniques used
  2. Distillation under diminished pressure (Vacuum distillation) typical assemblies and techniques used
  3. Fractional distillation – Fractionating columns Azeotropes

Types, assemblies and techniques

Fractional distillation under diminished pressure

  1. Chromatographic methods

Principles, Classification of Chromatographic Techniques absorption, parturition; Techniques of column chromatograph, Paper chromatography, Thin-layer chromatograph, Ion exchange chromatography, Gas chromatography

 

BCT 504: BIOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Aspects of living processes. Microbiology and control of microorganisms. Microbial Kinetics. The Biochemistry and physico-chemical properties of biological compounds. Biochemical pathways and metabolism of simple substrates. Fermentations. Enzyme kinetics. Biochemical reactors. Design of microbial culture processes in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, commercial enzymes and alcoholic beverages. Batch and continuous culture. Biological waste disposal

 

Course Outline

MICROBIOLOGY TECHNIQUES

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

CREDIT UNITS

FIRST SEMESTER

MCB 201

General Microbiology I

3

CHM 211

Organic Chemistry II

3

CHM 210

Physical Chemistry

2

BIO 201

Genetics

2

CS 201

Computer Programming

4

MCB 202

Principles of Staining

1

GST 223

Entrepreneurial Studies

2

GST 101

Use of English

4

GST 103

Nigerian Peoples and Culture

2

GST 104

History and Philosophy of Science

2

SLT 201

Technical Drawing

1

Total

26

 

SECOND SEMESTER

CHM 213

Analytical Chemistry

2

CHM 212

Inorganic Chemistry

2

MCB 203

General Microbiology II

3

STA BIO 204

Statistics for Biological Sciences

4

SLT 202

Hazards and Safety in the Laboratory

2

GST 222

Peace and Conflict Studies

2

MCB 204

Principles of Sterilization, disinfection, and chemotherapy

2

GST 102

Philosophy and Logic

2

Total

19

Total Credit Load

45

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

CREDIT UNITS

FIRST SEMESTER

MCB 303

Bacteriology

2

MCB 301

Microbial Genetics and Molecular Biology

3

CHM 312

Instrumental Methods of Analysis

3

MCB 304

Virology

2

MCB 307

Mycology

3

MCB 313

Microbiological Techniques

3

MCB 302

Microbial Physiology and Metabolism

3

MCB 306

Soil Microbiology

2

Total

21

SECOND SEMESTER

BCT 302

Enzymology

3

BCT 308

Food Chemistry

2

BST 301

General Parasitology

3

MBT 310

Food Microbiology

3

MBT 318

Microbial Ecology

2

SLT 310

 Research Methods

2

BIO 311

General Biochemistry I (PST)

3

Total

18

 

 

Electives

BST 306

General Physiology

3

Total Credit Load

 

42

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

CREDIT UNITS

FIRST SEMESTER

MCB 403

Industrial Microbiology

4

MBT 409

Environmental Microbiology

2

MCB 401

Pharmaceutical Microbiology

3

MBT 411

Fermentation Technology

3

BST 405

General Parasitology II

3

SLT 411

Laboratory Organisation and Management I

3

MBT 405

Medical Microbiology

3

MCB 404

Principles of Epidemiology and Public Health

3

BIO 411

General Biochemistry  II (PST)

3

BST 415

Storage Techniques (Compulsory)

2

Total

29

 

SECOND SEMESTER

SLT 499

Industrial Training (SIWES)

6

Total Credit Load

35

 

500 LEVEL COURSES

 

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

CREDIT UNITS

FIRST SEMESTER

SLT 501

Photography and Illustrations

3

PST 406

Plant Pathology

3

BCT 512

Processing Biochemistry

3

MBT 502

Food Processing

3

SLT 599

Research Project

3

Total

15

 

SECOND SEMESTER

MCB 308

Immunology and Immunochemistry

4

MCB 406

Analytical Microbiology and Quality Control

3

MCB 408

Petroleum Microbiology

3

BIO 414

Molecular Biology

3

BST 502

Applied Storage Techniques

3

BST 508

Applied Vectors and Pest Management

3

SLT 508

Laboratory Organisation and Management II

3

SLT 510

Seminar

2

SLT 599

Research Project

3

Total

27

Total Credit Load

42

 

BSc. SCIENCE LABORATORY TECHNOLOGY

[MICROBIOLOGY TECHNIQUES]

 

COURSES DESCRIPTION

 

BCT 201: GENERAL BIOCHEMISTRY 1 (3 UNITS)

Chemistry of amino acids, proteins and their derivatives, methods of isolation and identification, acidity and alkalinity, pH and pK value and their effects on cellular activities, Buffers, chemistry, structures of carbohydrate, lipids and nucleic acids, primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures.

 

BIO 201: GENETICS (2 UNITS)

Hereditable and non-hereditable characteristics, probability and tests of goodness of fit. Quantitative inheritance, variation in genous structure, introduction to population genetics.

 

CHM 213: ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRTY (2 UNITS)

Theory of errors, statistical treatment of data: Theory of sampling, chemical methods of analysis including volumetric, gravimetric and physicochemical methods, optical methods of analysis, separation methods.

 

CS 201: COMPUTER PROGRAMMING (4 UNITS)

Introduction to problem solving methods and algorithm development; designing coding, debugging and documenting programmes using techniques of a good programming language and programming algorithm development. A widely used programming language should be used in teaching the above.

 

MCB 201: GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY I (3 UNITS)

Historical aspects of Microbiology with emphasis on the place of microorganisms in the World. Types of microorganism – Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, Rikettsiae, Chlamydia, Algae, etc. Growth and reproduction of microorganisms. Sterilization and disinfection. Control of microorganism by physical and chemical methods

 

MCB 202: PRINCIPLES OF STAINING (1 UNIT)

Principles and application of microscopy. Staining techniques, dyes and stains used in microbiology. Reactions of various dyes and stains used in microbiology. Reactions of various dyes and stains with cellular components. Application of stains in an identification procedure.

 

MCB 203: GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY II (3 UNITS)

Systematic classification of bacteria, parasites, fungi, viruses, algae, etc isolation, characterization and identification of microbes. Biological and biochemical reactions of microorganisms. Applied areas of Microbiology.

 

MCB 204: PRINCIPLES OF STERILIZATION, DISINFECTION AND CHEMOTHERAPY (3 UNITS)

A review of methods used for sterilization and disinfection. Definitions. Criteria of viability. Exponential kinetics. Physical and chemical agents for control of microorganism. Inactivation of viruses. Classification, description and the action of chemotherapeutic agents. Antibiotics that inhibit bacterial cell wall formation (penicillins and cephalosporins, cyclaserine, vancomycin, bacitracin). Inhibitors of larger 30 ribosomal subnunit (streptomycin, neomycin, kanamycin, gentamycin). Inhibitors of larger 50 ribosomal subunit (chloramphenicol, erythromycin, lincomycin). Antibiotics that inhibit nucleic acid synthesis (Rifamycins, actinomycins, nalidixic acid). Antibiotics that damage cell memgranes (Amphotericin B, nystatin, polymyxins ). Antimetabolites (sulphonamides, isoniazid, paramino salicylic adid). Antiviral agents. Antifungal agents. Antiprotozoal agents. Bacterial resistance to antibiotics.

 

BCT 302: ENZYMOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Vitamins and co-enzymes, fat and water soluble vitamins, structures and functions of vitamins and co-enzymes. Classification and nomenclature of enzymes. Mechanisms of enzyme-catalysed reactions. Effects of temperature, pH, ions and inhibitor on enzyme catalysed reactions. Michalis-Menten equation. Allosteric/Regulatory enzymes. Active sites of enzymes. Estimation of kinetic parameters, enzyme activities Km, Vmax. Ki etc. Zymogen activation, digestive enzymes, etc. Production, isolation, purification, and characterization of enzymes, recent advances in enzymology.

 

BCT 308: FOOD CHEMISTRY (2 UNITS)

Occurrence, structure and functions of carbohydrates, protein, fats and oil, physical and chemical properties. Starch behaviour during baking and staling of bread. Glucose syrup-chemistry of enzymatic and non-enzymatic productions. Ripening and maturing of fruits – Pectic substances and their uses. The chemistry of fermentation process in the food industry. Effect of enzymes in foods. Enzymatic and non-enzymatic browning.

 

BST 301: GENERAL PARASITOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Nature of parasitisms; host – parasite relationship[s; concept and evolution of the parasitic mode of life; advantages and disadvantages of parasitism; host specifically and susceptibility, epidemiology and control of common tropical parasitic infections; transmission of parasites from host to host and the role of vectors in the transmission of parasitic diseases.

 

BST 306: GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY (3 UNITS)

The concept and principles of homeostasis. A general study of osmoregulation, excretion, respiration, transport homoeostasis. Nervous, hormonal and other coordination mechanisms in animals. Plant-water relations. Growth and growth regulation physiological aspects of crop yield.

 

BST 318: MICROBIAL ECOLOGY (2 UNITS)

Microbes and ecological theory, Physiological, morphological and genetic adaptations and interactions to their environment. Micro-organisms in Ecosystems

 

CHM 312:  INSTRUMENTAL METHODS OF ANALYSIS (3 UNITS)

Spectroscopic techniques. Quantitative analysis. X-ray methods. Fluorescence methods. Nuclar magnetic resonance electronspin resonance. Refractormetry and interferometry, polarimetry, marography, calorimetry.

 

MBT 310: FOOD MICROBIOLOGY (3 UNITS)

The occurrence and interactions of microorganisms with food. Intrinsic and extrinsic parameters of foods that affect microbal growth. Methods of detecting the presence of microbes in foods. Milk meta and water microbiology. Effects of microbial growth of food-fermentation, spoilage and food-borne diseases; food sanitation and microbiological food quality control.

 

MCB 301: MICROBIAL GENETICS AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY (3 UNITS)                             

A survey of the current status of microbial genetics (Bacteria viruses, protozoa and fungi) including discussion of methods and finding in the areas of mutagenesis, inductions, isolation and biochemical characterization of mutants adaptation, transformation, transduction, conversion and conjugation. General and specialized methods and techniques in microbial genetics. Experiments with virulent phases temperate phases and lysogenic bacteria. Fungal and other lower eukaryotic genetics.          

 

MCB 302: MICROBIAL PHYSIOLOGY AND METABOLISM (3 UNITS)

Aspects of microbial physiology; a revision of cell structure and function; growth and death of microorganism; nutrition, types of difference in relation to their energy metabolism and biosynthetic activity.

 

MCB 303: BACTERIOLOGY (2 UNITS)

Concepts and historical perspectives of Bacteriology; Gross morphology of bacteria cells; structure of bacteria, Relationship between size and metabolism of bacteria. Nutrition in bacteria, bacterial growth, bacterial and classification, pathogenic bacteria and diseases; Virulence, spectrum and symptoms of infection, treatment and control. Koch’s postulate; Methods of isolation of bacterial pathogens.

MCB 304: GENERAL VIROLOGY (2 UNITS)

Historical background and development of Virology. Structure and composition of viruses. Cultivation, isolation and identification of viruses. Antiviral agents such as interferon, bacteriophages; plant and animal viruses.

 

MCB 306: SOIL MICROBIOLOGY (2 UNITS)

Characteristics of soil environment, microbial and fauna of soil; microbial activities in soil, nitrogen cycle, carbon cycle; mineral transformation by microorganisms; Ecological relationship among the soil pathogens; effect of peptides on soil microorganisms; biodegradation and biofuels generation.

 

MCB 307: MYCOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Structure, life cycle, physiology and classification of fungi; fungi of economic importance; laboratory methods of mycology, pathology and immunology of superficial systems importance; laboratory methods of mycology, pathology and immunology of superficial systems mycoses and actinomycoses.

 

MCB 308: IMMUNOLOGY AND IMMUNOCHEMISTRY (4 UNITS)

Basic concept of immunology, structure of antigen, antigenic determinants; cellular response; genetics of response to antigenic stimulation; structure and classification of immunoglobules and antibodies’ microorganisms and theories of antibody formulation. Antigen and antibody interactions; role of lymphoid tissues and thymus in immunoresponses; hypersentivity; immuno-pathology, auto-immunity; immunophylaxis and immunotherapy; the practicals will in modern techniques in immunology and immunochemistry.

 

MCB 313: MICROBIOLOGICAL TECHNIQUES I (3 UNITS)

Staining Techniques, sterilization techniques, preparation and uses of buffer, cell suspension, centrifugation and diluting fluids. Microscope; preparation of Microscope slides; photometer, colorimetry; Chromatography, conductorimetry, centrifugation, experimental design and data interpretation, preparation of reports.

 

BCT 417: BIOCHEMISTRY OF PARASITES (3 UNITS)

Survey of different types of parasites. Host-parasites relation metabolism in selected parasites. Parasitism versus symbiosis. Genetics of parasites. In vitro cultivation of selected parasites. Immunology of parasites, chemotheraputetical control of parasites.

 

BIO 414: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Biogenesis of microtubules; microfilament, golgi bodies and mitochondria; membrane – membrane interaction, introduction to bioenergetics and thermodynamics.

 

BST 415: STORAGE TECHNIQUES (2 UNITS)

This course shall deal with various techniques (traditional and modern) used for the storage of diverse agricultural products with particular emphasis on dry and wet food/food stuffs; principles and method of preservation of food, fish wild life products and crops. Quality of products of storage e.g. degree of ripening, physical biological and chemical characteristics of the major stored products pests methods of control. Pests of stored timber. Selected diseases tubers, root crops, cereals, legumes, vegetables and fruits and the microbiological deterioration of these stored products pre and post harvest average techniques under different ecological and climatic conditions. Residue analysis of the common insecticides and fungicides used for the protection of the stored products.

 

MBT 405: MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Pathogenic bacteria, fungi and viruses of both human and veterinary importance. Concept of pathogenecity and virulence with respect to development of diseases. Clinical samples; pus, urine, CSF, blood aspirates, faeces-handing and laboratory processing methods.

 

MBT 409: ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY (2 UNITS)

Microorganisms and organisms important in acquatic systems and disposals. Ecology of microorganisms in fresh water, pollution and self-purification of water, purification of water, brief studies of marine microbiology. Disease transmission by water, microbiological examination of water; microbiology of waste disposal; Biological oxygen demand and chemical oxygen demand; test for sewage and water.

MBT 411: FERMENTATION TECHNOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Basic concepts of fermentation, alcohol fermentation resulting in production of bread, bear wine and vinegar acid, fermentation leading to production of cheese, butter, yoghurt, etc, malolactic fermentation.

 

MCB 401: PHARMACEUTICAL MICROBIOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Chemistry of synthetic chemotherapeutic agents antibodies’ production and synthesis of antibiotics and anti-microbial agents. Quality control of pharmaceutics products. Concepts of growth and death in microorganisms’ mode of action assay of anti-microbial agents; conceptual of antibiotic sensitivity and resistance as related to microbial physiology.

 

MCB 403: INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY (4 UNITS)

Nature of industrial microbiology, microorganisms of industrial importance; aspects of the biology of moulds, yeasts, bacteria, actinomycetes and viruses of importance in various fermentation. Culture techniques and maintenance of selected cultures. Mutation, strain selection and development, hydridisation, media formulation and economic, optimization of fermentation media at laboratory scale, perimeter design operation; Antifoams; aspects of biochemical engineering; patents and patent law.

 

MCB 404: PRINCIPLES OF EPIDEMOLOGY AND PUBLIC HEALTH (3 UNITS)

Nature of epidemiological investigation, spectrum of infection; herd immunity and latency of infections; multifactoral systems in epidemics; Zoonoses, Antigenics drifts; Biological products for recommended immunization schedules, international control of infectious diseases; statistical application to epidemiology.

 

MCB 406: ANALYTICAL MICROBIOLOGY AND QUALITY CONTROL (3 UNITS)

Microorganisms as reagents in quantitative analysis, selection of test organisms for assay (antibiotics, amino acids, vitamins, etc) responses of microorganisms use in assays; obtaining and measuring responses of microorganism. Preparation of assay samples; methods of assay; interpretations of results, aspects of quality control; plant and equipment sanitation; microbiological standards and specifications.

 

MCB 408: PETROLEUM MICROBIOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Origin and chemical evolution of the atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere, biological oceanbiography. Morphology and biostratography of major groups of microfossil. Biological origin and accumulation of petroleum and sedimentary basis. Hydrobiology, petroleum pollution and its sources and biological control. Oil pillage, Petroleum degrading microorganisms, hydrocarbonoblastic bacteria. Metallo menass bacteria that cause rusting of oil pipes.                     

 

BCT 512: PROCESS BIOCHEMISTRY (3 UNITS)

Basic concepts of anaerobic metabolism, isolation, cultivation and identification of anaerobes – thermophilic anaerobes and their unique features. Survey of useful products manufactured by microorganisms, culture of yeast, mould bacteria actinomycetes mammalian cells, genetic programming of industrial microorganisms. Microbial productions of beer, wine, bread and cheese. Microbiological production of pharmaceutics (hormones and interferon) and industrial chemicals. Methanogenesis (mechanism and application for waste treatment) production methods in industrial microbiology, agricultural microbiology, and strain improvement strategies for industrial organism.

 

BST 502: APPLIED STORAGE TECHNIQUES (3 UNITS)

This course shall involve a lot of practical and field practical stored products protection and preservation including spraying, dusting fumigation and smoking. Formulation and applications of insecticides and fungicides for controlling storage products, pests and diseases. Prevention  of storage loses and assessment of damage and crop loses practical survey, design and construction of storage facilities for tubers and root products, grains, fungi and vegetables. Students shall assist farmers, visit food mills, bakeries canning factories and other food processing plants as well as cooperative societies involved in controlling stored products pests. Quality control, facilities for transporting stored food products.

 

BST 508: APPLIED VECTORS AND PESTS MANAGEMENT (3 UNITS)

This course shall particularly emphasize practical or field demonstrations and experiments on management of vectors and pests of economic importance in West Africa. Detailed study of the biology of vectors of animal diseases and their control e.g. mosquitoes, tse-tsefly, blackfly, housefly, sandfly, fly, practical demonstration of their control in their productive habitats where possible. Invertebrate vectors of plants diseases and their control e.g. Aphids, Scale insects. Molluses as agricultural pests crop trees and their pests. Practical control of pests of farmland e.g. grasshoppers in waste land/abandoned farmland/college farm. Equipment used in vectors and pests control and their practical methods used in various research/storage institutions and agricultural development schemes for the control of pests.

 

MBT 502: FOOD PROCESSING (3 UNITS)

Principles and practice of food processing techniques of processing and preservation of Nigerian food with regard to their physio-chemical properties; canning containers; outline of canning operation; principal spoilage organisms in canned foods. Use of radiation in food, preservation; insect contamination as spoilage organisms; laboratory examination of canned foods; method of detecting contaminants in foods.

 

PST 406: PLANT PATHOLOGY (3 UNITS)

Principles and concepts in plant pathology; some pathology of plants, animal, and especially those prevalent in Nigeria. The geographical distribution of the pathogens, their isolation, identification, morphology, life-cycles, sources of isolation, transmission and the effects on the host, aetiology, cultural characteristics and clinical manifestations of specific bacterial, viral and fungal pathogens of animals and plants, control of plant diseases.